[Anatomy] The Lower Limb Quizzes – Part 5 (20 questions)

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[Anatomy] The Lower Limb Quizzes – Part 5 (20 questions)
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Select the one best response to each question!

Which of the following statements correctly applies to genu valgum?

Genu varum and genu valgum result in deviation of the tibia from the midline. In genu varum, the tibia is diverted medially, and in genu valgum, the tibia is diverted laterally; these deformities cause unequal weight distribution. In the varum deformity, the medial side of the knee takes all the pressure, leading to wear and tear of the medial meniscus

 

 

See all quizzes of  the Lower Limb at here:

Part 1Part 2Part 3Part 4Part 5

 

81. All of the following ligaments reinforce the fibrous capsule on the medial side of the ankle
EXCEPT
(A) tibiocalcaneal
(B) posterior tibiotalar
(C) anterior tibiotalar
(D) tibionavicular
(E) calcaneofibular
82. Which of the following groups of muscles produce dorsiflexion of the ankle?
(A) anterior compartment of the leg
(B) posterior compartment of the leg
(C) medial compartment of the foot
(D) lateral compartment of the leg
(E) lateral compartment of the foot
83. All of the following statements concerning the plantar calcaneonavicular ligament are correct EXCEPT
(A) It extends from the sustentaculum tali to the navicular.
(B) It is also known as the spring ligament.
(C) It lies deep to the plantar aponeurosis.
(D) It plays an important role in maintaining the longitudinal arch of the foot.
(E) It forms a tunnel for the tendon of the fibularis longus.
84. All of the following statements concerning the medial longitudinal arch of the foot are correct EXCEPT
(A) It is higher and more important than the lateral longitudinal arch.
(B) It is composed of the calcaneus, talus, navicular, cuneiforms, and three metatarsals.(C) The calcaneus is the keystone of this arch.
(D) The tibialis anterior helps strengthen this arch.
(E) The fibularis longus tendon also supports this arch.
85. Which of the following conditions is associated with lateral deviation of the great toe?
(A) hallux valgus
(B) hammer toe
(C) claw toe
(D) pes planus
(E) club foot
86. All of the following statements concerning the transverse tarsal joint are correct EXCEPT
(A) It occurs where the talus rests on and articulates with the calcaneus.
(B) It is formed by the combined talonavicular part of the talocalcaneonavicular and calcaneocuboid joints.
(C) Transection across this joint is a standard method for surgical amputation of the foot.
(D) It is two separate joints aligned transversely.
(E) Dorsiflexion and plantarflexion of the foot are the main movements involving this joint.
87. Which of the of the following areas is involved in tibial nerve entrapment?
(A) medial malleolus to the calcaneus
(B) lateral malleolus to the navicular bone
(C) medial malleolus to the calcaneal tendon
(D) lateral malleolus to the fibularis brevis
(E) long plantar ligament to the tendon of the fibularis longus
88. Which of the following major joints is the most frequently injured?
(A) shoulder
(B) elbow
(C) hip
(D) knee
(E) ankle
89. Which of the following statements correctly applies in Pott’s fracture-dislocation?
(A) The foot is forcibly dorsiflexed.
(B) The foot is forcibly plantar flexed.
(C) The foot is forcibly inverted.
(D) The foot is forcibly everted.
(E) The calcaneus is usually fractured
90. The grip of the malleoli on the trochlea is strongest during which of the following movements of the ankle?
(A) plantarflexion
(B) dorsiflexion
(C) eversion
(D) inversion
(E) lateral rotation
91. Which of the following statements correctly applies to genu valgum?
(A) The tibia is diverted medially.
(B) The tibia is diverted laterally.
(C) The medial side of the knee takes all the pressure.
(D) This deformity causes wear and tear of the medial meniscus.
(E) This deformity does not influence weight distribution.
92. Which of the following knee support structures is considered to be the most important in the stabilization of the joint?
(A) lateral and medial menisci
(B) anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments
(C) medial and lateral collateral ligaments
(D) fibrous capsule
(E) quadriceps femoris
93. Which of the following fractures is the most troublesome and problematic?
(A) medial malleolus of tibia
(B) lateral malleolus of fibula
(C) sustentaculum of calcaneus
(D) femoral neck
(E) adductor tubercle
94. Which of the following muscles is the strongest flexor of the hip joint?
(A) semitendinosus
(B) iliopsoas
(C) gluteus medius
(D) gracilis
(E) pectineus
95. All of the following muscles are lateral rotators of the hip joint EXCEPT
(A) obturator externus
(B) superior gemellus
(C) piriformis
(D) gluteus minimus
(E) quadratus femoris
96. Which of the following arteries is usually evaluated during a physical examination of the peripheral vascular system?
(A) lateral plantar
(B) dorsalis pedis
(C) popliteal
(D) fibular
(E) posterior tibial
97. The tendon of the biceps femoris and the neck of the fibula may be used as a guide for locating which of the following nerves?
(A) saphenous
(B) sural
(C) common fibular
(D) medial plantar
(E) tibial
98. Which of the following muscle tendons is commonly removed for grafting without causing
disability?
(A) extensor hallucis brevis
(B) fibularis tertius
(C) plantaris
(D) flexor digitorum brevis
(E) tendons of the flexor digitorum longus
99. Shin splints usually involve muscles in which of the following compartments?
(A) anterior
(B) lateral
(C) posterior
(D) medial plantar
(E) lateral plantar
100. The strongest dorsiflexor of the foot is which of the following muscles?
(A) fibularis tertius
(B) extensor digitorum longus
(C) tibialis anterior
(D) gastrocnemius
(E) extensor hallucis brevis

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