[Anatomy] The Lower Limb Quizzes – Part 2 (20 questions)

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[Anatomy] The Lower Limb Quizzes – Part 2 (20 questions)
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Select the one best response to each question!

All of the following statements concerning the adductor magnus are correct EXCEPT

The adductor magnus is the largest muscle in the adductor group. It is located in the medial compartment of the thigh. This large adductor is a composite, triangular muscle that has adductor and hamstring parts. The two parts differ in their attachments, nerve supply, and main actions

 

 

See all quizzes of  the Lower Limb at here:

Part 1Part 2Part 3Part 4Part 5

 

21. Which of the following statements concerning the gracilis muscle is correct?
(A) It passes through the lesser sciatic foramen.
(B) It crosses the knee joint.
(C) It lies deep to the pectineus and adductor longus muscles.
(D) It is located in the anterior compartment of the thigh.
(E) It is a short, fan-shaped muscle.
22. All of the following statements concerning the adductor magnus are correct EXCEPT
(A) It is the largest muscle in the adductor group.
(B) It is located in the posterior compartment of the thigh.

(C) It has adductor and hamstring parts.
(D) It is a composite, triangular muscle with two parts that differ in nerve supply.
(E) Its main action is to adduct the thigh.

23. Which of the following statements correctly applies to the adductor hiatus?
(A) It is an opening in the aponeurotic distal attachment of the adductor longus.
(B) It transmits the femoral nerve, artery and vein.
(C) The opening is located just inferior to the adductor tubercle of the femur.
(D) It extends from the adductor canal in the thigh to the popliteal fossa.

(E) The great saphenous vein passes through the adductor hiatus.

24. All of the following statements concerning the femoral triangle are correct EXCEPT
(A) Its superior border is the inguinal ligament.
(B) Its lateral border is the sartorius.
(C) It is bisected by the femoral artery and vein.
(D) The saphenous nerve passes through the femoral triangle.
(E) Its medial border is the adductor magnus.
25. All of the following statements concerning the femoral sheath are correct EXCEPT
(A) It extends 3 to 4 cm inferior the inguinal ligament.
(B) It is formed by an inferior prolongation of transversalis and iliopsoas fascia.
(C) It encloses the femoral nerve.
(D) Its medial wall is pierced by the great saphenous vein and lymphatic vessels.
(E) It ends by becoming continuous with the adventitia of the femoral vessels.
26. All of the following statements concerning the femoral canal are correct EXCEPT
(A) It contains the femoral nerve.
(B) It is the medial compartment of the femoral sheath.
(C) It allows the femoral vein to expand when venous return from the lower limb is increased.
(D) It extends distally to the level of the proximal edge of the saphenous opening.
(E) It contains loose connective tissue, fat, a few lymphatic vessels, and sometimes a deep inguinal lymph node (Cloquet’s node).
27. All of the following statements concerning the femoral ring are correct EXCEPT
(A) The lacunar ligament forms its medial boundary.
(B) The anterior boundary is formed by the inguinal ligament.
(C) The femoral artery forms its lateral boundary.
(D) Its proximal end is closed by extraperitoneal fatty tissue that forms the femoral septum.
(E) It lies anterior to the pectineus muscle.
28. Which of the following statements concerning the femoral artery is correct?
(A) It enters the femoral canal.
(B) It enters the adductor canal.
(C) It passes dorsal to the inguinal ligament.
(D) It gives rise to the inferior epigastric artery.
(E) It passes through the obturator canal
29. Which of the following statements concerning the deep artery of the thigh is correct?
(A) It is the largest branch of the femoral artery.
(B) It passes through the adductor canal.
(C) It gives rise to the deep circumflex iliac branch.

(D) It exits the adductor canal through the adductor hiatus.
(E) It passes through the obturator foramen

30. Which of the following arteries supplies most of the blood to the head and neck of the femur?
(A) medial circumflex femoral
(B) obturator
(C) lateral circumflex femoral
(D) external pudendal
(E) deep circumflex iliac
31. All of the following statements concerning the adductor canal are correct EXCEPT
(A) It is approximately 15 cm long.
(B) It extends from the apex of the femoral triangle to the adductor hiatus.
(C) It contains the saphenous nerve.
(D) Is is bounded posteriorly by the sartorius muscle.
(E) It contains the femoral artery and vein.
32. Which of the following statements concerning the lesser sciatic foramen is correct?
(A) It is the passageway for structures entering or leaving the pelvis.
(B) It is the passageway for structures entering or leaving the perineum.
(C) All lower limb arteries and nerves leave the pelvis through this foramen.
(D) The femoral nerve passes through the lesser sciatic foramen.
(E) The obturator nerve enters the adductor compartment via the lesser sciatic foramen.
33. All of the following structures pass through the greater sciatic foramen EXCEPT
(A) piriformis muscle
(B) sciatic nerve
(C) superior gluteal vessels
(D) inferior gluteal vessels
(E) pudendal nerve
34. All of the following statements concerning the gluteus maximus are correct EXCEPT

(A) It is used very little during casual walking.
(B) It assists in making the knee stable.
(C) It is used very little in climbing upstairs.
(D) It is used in running.
(E) It is used when rising from the sitting position.

35. The ischial bursa separates the inferior part of which of the following muscles from the ischial
tuberosity?
(A) gluteus maximus
(B) gluteus minimus
(C) gluteus medius
(D) piriformis
(E) obturator internus
36. All of the following statements concerning the gluteus medius and minimus are correct
EXCEPT
(A) They all have the same nerve supply.
(B) They have the same actions.
(C) They are supplied by the same blood vessels.
(D) They abduct the thigh and rotate it laterally.
(E) They are largely responsible for preventing sagging of the unsupported side of the pelvis during walking.
37. The positive Trendelenburg sign is associated with injuries to which of the following?
(A) quadriceps femoris
(B) adductor muscles
(C) abductors of the thigh
(D) hamstring muscles
(E) piriformis muscle
38. Which of the following muscles is part of the triceps coxae?
(A) obturator externus
(B) gemelli muscles
(C) piriformis
(D) gluteus medius
(E) quadratus femoris
39. All of the following muscles are lateral rotators of the thigh EXCEPT
(A) quadratus femoris
(B) obturator internus
(C) obturator externus
(D) gluteus medius
(E) inferior gemellus
40. All of the following statements concerning the inferior clunial nerves are correct EXCEPT
(A) They are gluteal branches of the posterior cutaneous nerve of the thigh.
(B) These nerves curl around the inferior border of the gluteus maximus.
(C) They are derivatives of the sacral plexus S1–S3.
(D) They supply the inferior half of the buttock.
(E) They are dorsal primary rami.

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