Home Medical QuizzesAnatomy Quizzes [Anatomy] The Lower Limb Quizzes – Part 2 (20 questions)

[Anatomy] The Lower Limb Quizzes – Part 2 (20 questions)

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The Lower Limb Quizzes – Part 2

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Which of the following statements concerning the gracilis muscle is correct?

Correct! Wrong!

The long, strap-like muscle lies along the medial side of the thigh and knee. It is the only muscle of the adductor group that crosses the knee. It is the most superficial of the adductor group and is the weakest member

All of the following statements concerning the adductor magnus are correct EXCEPT

Correct! Wrong!

The adductor magnus is the largest muscle in the adductor group. It is located in the medial compartment of the thigh. This large adductor is a composite, triangular muscle that has adductor and hamstring parts. The two parts differ in their attachments, nerve supply, and main actions

Which of the following statements correctly applies to the adductor hiatus?

Correct! Wrong!

The adductor hiatus is an opening in the aponeurotic distal attachment of the adductor magnus. It transmits the femoral artery and vein from the adductor canal in the thigh to the popliteal fossa posterior to the knee. The opening is just superior to the adductor tubercle of the femur

All of the following statements concerning the femoral triangle are correct EXCEPT

Correct! Wrong!

The femoral triangle is bounded superiorly by the inguinal ligament, medially by the adductor longus, and laterally by the sartorius. The femoral triangle is bisected by the femoral artery and vein, which leave and enter the adductor canal at its apex. The saphenous nerve descends through the femoral triangle

All of the following statements concerning the femoral sheath are correct EXCEPT

Correct! Wrong!

The femoral sheath extends 3 to 4 cm inferior to the inguinal ligament and encloses proximal parts of the femoral vessel and the femoral canal. The sheath is formed by an inferior prolongation of transversalis and iliopsoas fascia. The femoral sheath does not enclose the femoral nerve. The sheath ends by becoming continuous with the adventitia of the femoral vessels

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All of the following statements concerning the femoral canal are correct EXCEPT

Correct! Wrong!

The medial compartment of the femoral sheath is the femoral canal. It extends distally to the level of the proximal edge of the saphenous opening. It allows the femoral vein to expand when venous return from the lower limb is increased. It contains loose connective tissue, fat, a few lymphatic vessels, and sometimes a deep inguinal lymph node (Cloquet’s node)

All of the following statements concerning the femoral ring are correct EXCEPT

Correct! Wrong!

The femoral ring is closed at the proximal end by extraperitoneal fatty tissue, which forms the femoral septum. The boundaries of the femoral ring include the partition between the femoral canal and the femoral vein laterally. Posteriorly, the superior ramus of the pubis is covered by the pectineus muscle. Its medial boundary is the lacunar ligament; anteriorly, the boundary is the medial part of the inguinal ligament

Which of the following statements concerning the femoral artery is correct?

Correct! Wrong!

The femoral artery is the chief artery of the lower limb and is the continuation of the external iliac artery. It bisects the femoral triangle at its apex and enters the adductor canal deep to the sartorius muscle

Which of the following statements concerning the deep artery of the thigh is correct?

Correct! Wrong!

The deep artery of the thigh is the largest branch of the femoral artery and the chief artery of the thigh. It arises in the femoral triangle from the lateral side of the femoral artery

Which of the following arteries supplies most of the blood to the head and neck of the femur?

Correct! Wrong!

The medial circumflex femoral artery is especially important because it supplies most of the blood to the head and neck of the femur

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All of the following statements concerning the adductor canal are correct EXCEPT

Correct! Wrong!

The adductor canal (Hunter’s canal) is approximately 15 cm long and is a narrow fascial tunnel in the thigh running from the apex of the femoral triangle to the adductor hiatus in the tendon of the adductor magnus. Located deep or posterior to the middle third of the sartorius, the adductor canal provides an intermuscular passage through which the femoral vessels pass to reach the popliteal fossa. The contents of the adductor canal include the femoral vessels, saphenous nerve, and nerve to the vastus medialis

Which of the following statements concerning the lesser sciatic foramen is correct?

Correct! Wrong!

The greater sciatic foramen is the passageway for structures entering or leaving the pelvis, whereas the lesser sciatic foramen is the passageway for structures entering or leaving the perineum. The greater sciatic foramen is the opening for all lower limb arteries and nerves leaving the pelvis and entering the gluteal region

All of the following structures pass through the greater sciatic foramen EXCEPT

Correct! Wrong!

The greater sciatic foramen is the passageway for the sciatic nerve, piriformis muscle, and gluteal vessels. The pudendal nerve enters the perineum through the lesser sciatic foramen

All of the following statements concerning the gluteus maximus are correct EXCEPT

Correct! Wrong!

The gluteus maximus is used when rising from the sitting position or straightening from the bending position. It is used in climbing steps and running. It also assists in making the knee stable. It is used very little during casual walking and when one is standing motionless

The ischial bursa separates the inferior part of which of the following muscles from the ischial tuberosity?

Correct! Wrong!

The ischial bursa separates the inferior part of the gluteus maximus from the ischial tuberosity, which is often absent

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All of the following statements concerning the gluteus medius and minimus are correct EXCEPT

Correct! Wrong!

The gluteus medius and minimus have the same actions and nerve supply and are supplied by the superior gluteal arteries. Both muscles abduct the thigh and rotate it medially. They play an essential role during locomotion and are largely responsible for preventing sagging of the unsupported side of the pelvis during walking

The positive Trendelenburg sign is associated with injuries to which of the following?

Correct! Wrong!

When the weight is on both feet, the pelvis is evenly supported and does not sag. When the weight is borne by one foot, the muscles on the same side hold the pelvis so the pelvis will not sag on the side of the raised foot. When the gluteus medius and minimus (abductors of the thigh) are inactive owing to injury of the superior gluteal nerve, the supporting and steadying action of these muscles is lost and the pelvis falls on the side of the raised limb. This is referred to as a positive Trendelenburg sign

Which of the following muscles is part of the triceps coxae?

Correct! Wrong!

The obturator internus and the superior and inferior gemelli form a tricipital (threeheaded) muscle that is sometimes called the triceps coxae

All of the following muscles are lateral rotators of the thigh EXCEPT

Correct! Wrong!

The gluteus maximus, piriformis, obturator internus and externus, and superior and inferior gemelli are all lateral rotators of the thigh. Both the gluteus medius and the gluteus minimus are medial rotators of the thigh

All of the following statements concerning the inferior clunial nerves are correct EXCEPT

Correct! Wrong!

The inferior clunial nerves are gluteal branches of the posterior cutaneous nerve of the thigh, a derivative of the sacral plexus (ventral rami S1 through S3). These nerves curl around the inferior border of the gluteus maximus and supply the inferior half of the buttock

[Anatomy] The Lower Limb Quizzes – Part 2 (20 questions)
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21. Which of the following statements concerning the gracilis muscle is correct?
(A) It passes through the lesser sciatic foramen.
(B) It crosses the knee joint.
(C) It lies deep to the pectineus and adductor longus muscles.
(D) It is located in the anterior compartment of the thigh.
(E) It is a short, fan-shaped muscle.
22. All of the following statements concerning the adductor magnus are correct EXCEPT
(A) It is the largest muscle in the adductor group.
(B) It is located in the posterior compartment of the thigh.

(C) It has adductor and hamstring parts.
(D) It is a composite, triangular muscle with two parts that differ in nerve supply.
(E) Its main action is to adduct the thigh.

23. Which of the following statements correctly applies to the adductor hiatus?
(A) It is an opening in the aponeurotic distal attachment of the adductor longus.
(B) It transmits the femoral nerve, artery and vein.
(C) The opening is located just inferior to the adductor tubercle of the femur.
(D) It extends from the adductor canal in the thigh to the popliteal fossa.

(E) The great saphenous vein passes through the adductor hiatus.

24. All of the following statements concerning the femoral triangle are correct EXCEPT
(A) Its superior border is the inguinal ligament.
(B) Its lateral border is the sartorius.
(C) It is bisected by the femoral artery and vein.
(D) The saphenous nerve passes through the femoral triangle.
(E) Its medial border is the adductor magnus.
25. All of the following statements concerning the femoral sheath are correct EXCEPT
(A) It extends 3 to 4 cm inferior the inguinal ligament.
(B) It is formed by an inferior prolongation of transversalis and iliopsoas fascia.
(C) It encloses the femoral nerve.
(D) Its medial wall is pierced by the great saphenous vein and lymphatic vessels.
(E) It ends by becoming continuous with the adventitia of the femoral vessels.
26. All of the following statements concerning the femoral canal are correct EXCEPT
(A) It contains the femoral nerve.
(B) It is the medial compartment of the femoral sheath.
(C) It allows the femoral vein to expand when venous return from the lower limb is increased.
(D) It extends distally to the level of the proximal edge of the saphenous opening.
(E) It contains loose connective tissue, fat, a few lymphatic vessels, and sometimes a deep inguinal lymph node (Cloquet’s node).
27. All of the following statements concerning the femoral ring are correct EXCEPT
(A) The lacunar ligament forms its medial boundary.
(B) The anterior boundary is formed by the inguinal ligament.
(C) The femoral artery forms its lateral boundary.
(D) Its proximal end is closed by extraperitoneal fatty tissue that forms the femoral septum.
(E) It lies anterior to the pectineus muscle.
28. Which of the following statements concerning the femoral artery is correct?
(A) It enters the femoral canal.
(B) It enters the adductor canal.
(C) It passes dorsal to the inguinal ligament.
(D) It gives rise to the inferior epigastric artery.
(E) It passes through the obturator canal
29. Which of the following statements concerning the deep artery of the thigh is correct?
(A) It is the largest branch of the femoral artery.
(B) It passes through the adductor canal.
(C) It gives rise to the deep circumflex iliac branch.

(D) It exits the adductor canal through the adductor hiatus.
(E) It passes through the obturator foramen

30. Which of the following arteries supplies most of the blood to the head and neck of the femur?
(A) medial circumflex femoral
(B) obturator
(C) lateral circumflex femoral
(D) external pudendal
(E) deep circumflex iliac
31. All of the following statements concerning the adductor canal are correct EXCEPT
(A) It is approximately 15 cm long.
(B) It extends from the apex of the femoral triangle to the adductor hiatus.
(C) It contains the saphenous nerve.
(D) Is is bounded posteriorly by the sartorius muscle.
(E) It contains the femoral artery and vein.
32. Which of the following statements concerning the lesser sciatic foramen is correct?
(A) It is the passageway for structures entering or leaving the pelvis.
(B) It is the passageway for structures entering or leaving the perineum.
(C) All lower limb arteries and nerves leave the pelvis through this foramen.
(D) The femoral nerve passes through the lesser sciatic foramen.
(E) The obturator nerve enters the adductor compartment via the lesser sciatic foramen.
33. All of the following structures pass through the greater sciatic foramen EXCEPT
(A) piriformis muscle
(B) sciatic nerve
(C) superior gluteal vessels
(D) inferior gluteal vessels
(E) pudendal nerve
34. All of the following statements concerning the gluteus maximus are correct EXCEPT

(A) It is used very little during casual walking.
(B) It assists in making the knee stable.
(C) It is used very little in climbing upstairs.
(D) It is used in running.
(E) It is used when rising from the sitting position.

35. The ischial bursa separates the inferior part of which of the following muscles from the ischial
tuberosity?
(A) gluteus maximus
(B) gluteus minimus
(C) gluteus medius
(D) piriformis
(E) obturator internus
36. All of the following statements concerning the gluteus medius and minimus are correct
EXCEPT
(A) They all have the same nerve supply.
(B) They have the same actions.
(C) They are supplied by the same blood vessels.
(D) They abduct the thigh and rotate it laterally.
(E) They are largely responsible for preventing sagging of the unsupported side of the pelvis during walking.
37. The positive Trendelenburg sign is associated with injuries to which of the following?
(A) quadriceps femoris
(B) adductor muscles
(C) abductors of the thigh
(D) hamstring muscles
(E) piriformis muscle
38. Which of the following muscles is part of the triceps coxae?
(A) obturator externus
(B) gemelli muscles
(C) piriformis
(D) gluteus medius
(E) quadratus femoris
39. All of the following muscles are lateral rotators of the thigh EXCEPT
(A) quadratus femoris
(B) obturator internus
(C) obturator externus
(D) gluteus medius
(E) inferior gemellus
40. All of the following statements concerning the inferior clunial nerves are correct EXCEPT
(A) They are gluteal branches of the posterior cutaneous nerve of the thigh.
(B) These nerves curl around the inferior border of the gluteus maximus.
(C) They are derivatives of the sacral plexus S1–S3.
(D) They supply the inferior half of the buttock.
(E) They are dorsal primary rami.

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