[Anatomy] The Lower Limb Quizzes – Part 3 (20 questions)

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[Anatomy] The Lower Limb Quizzes – Part 3 (20 questions)
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Select the one best response to each question!

All of the following muscles are located in the deep muscle group of the posterior compartment EXCEPT

The plantaris is located in the superficial group of muscles in the posterior compartment

 

 

See all quizzes of  the Lower Limb at here:

Part 1Part 2Part 3Part 4Part 5

 

41. All of the following nerves are ventral primary rami EXCEPT
(A) posterior cutaneous nerve of the thigh
(B) inferior gluteal
(C) pudendal
(D) sciatic
(E) superior cluneal
42. All of the following statements concerning the sciatic nerve are correct EXCEPT
(A) It is the largest nerve in the body.
(B) It is really two nerves.
(C) It supplies all leg and foot muscles.
(D) It receives its blood supply from the superior gluteal nerve.
(E) It passes inferolaterally under cover of the gluteus maximus, midway between the greater trochanter and the ischial tuberosity.
43. The piriformis syndrome involves which of the following nerves?
(A) sciatic
(B) obturator
(C) femoral
(D) ilioinguinal
(E) inferior gluteal
44. All of the following statements concerning the internal pudendal artery are correct EXCEPT
(A) It does not supply any structures in the gluteal region.
(B) It passes to the perineum with the pudendal nerve.
(C) It supplies the external genitalia.
(D) It crosses the ischial tuberosity.
(E) It re-enters the pelvis through the lesser sciatic foramen
45. Which of the following muscles is located in the posterior aspect of the thigh?
(A) semitendinosus
(B) gluteus maximus
(C) piriformis
(D) internal obturator
(E) superior gemellus
46. All of the following statements concerning the hamstring muscles are correct EXCEPT
(A) They are extensors of the thigh.
(B) They are flexors of leg.
(C) A person with paralyzed hamstrings tends to fall backwards.
(D) Most take origin from the ischial tuberosity.
(E) Most are innervated by the tibial division of the sciatic nerve.
47. The innervation for the short head of the biceps is provided by which of the following nerves?
(A) obturator
(B) femoral
(C) tibial division of the sciatic
(D) fibular division of the sciatic
(E) sartorius
48. A line drawn from the anterior superior iliac spine to the ischial tuberosity (Nelaton’s line), passing over the lateral aspect of the hip, normally passes over which of the following structures?
(A) sciatic nerve
(B) ischial spine
(C) obturator canal
(D) pudendal nerve
(E) greater trochanter
49. All of the following statements concerning the popliteal fossa are correct EXCEPT
(A) The biceps femoris forms the superolateral border.
(B) The semimembranosus forms the superomedial border.
(C) It contains both the tibial and common fibular nerves.
(D) The lateral and medial heads of the gastrocnemius form the inferolateral and inferomedial borders.
(E) It contains the great saphenous vein
50. The floor of the popliteal fossa includes which of the following structures?
(A) oblique popliteal ligament
(B) patella
(C) lateral meniscus
(D) anterior cruciate ligament
(E) posterior cruciate ligament
51. The lateral sural nerve is a branch of which of the following nerves?
(A) femoral
(B) common fibular
(C) tibial
(D) obturator
(E) posterior cutaneous nerve of the thigh
52. Which of the following muscles dorsiflexes the ankle?
(A) extensor digitorum longus
(B) fibularis longus
(C) soleus

(D) plantaris
(E) gastrocnemius

53. Muscles that evert the foot include which of the following muscles?
(A) gastrocnemius
(B) soleus
(C) tibialis posterior
(D) fibularis brevis
(E) flexor digitorum longus
54. All of the following statements correctly apply to the inferior extensor retinaculum EXCEPT
(A) It passes from the fibula to the tibia proximal to the malleoli.
(B) It is a Y-shaped band of deep fascia.
(C) It attaches laterally to the anterosuperior surface of the calcaneus.
(D) It forms a strong loop around the tendons of the fibularis tertius.
(E) It forms a strong loop around the tendons of the extensor digitorum longus.
55. Which of the following muscles is the strongest dorsiflexor and invertor of the foot?
(A) extensor digitorum longus
(B) tibialis anterior
(C) fibularis tertius
(D) extensor hallucis longus
(E) flexor hallucis longus
56. All of the following muscles are located in the deep muscle group of the posterior compartment EXCEPT
(A) flexor digitorum longus
(B) popliteus
(C) plantaris
(D) flexor hallucis longus
(E) tibialis posterior
57. Which of the following muscles is a flexor of the knee joint?
(A) popliteus
(B) tibialis anterior
(C) fibularis longus

(D) extensor digitorum longus
(E) extensor hallucis longus

58. Which of the following muscles is the powerful “push-off” muscle?
(A) gastrocnemius
(B) soleus
(C) tibialis anterior
(D) flexor hallucis longus
(E) plantaris
59. Which of the following muscles contract to assist the posterior cruciate ligament in preventing anterior displacement of the femur on the tibia?
(A) plantaris
(B) popliteus
(C) soleus
(D) gastrocnemius
(E) tibialis posterior
60. Which of following muscles is included in the triceps surae?
(A) gastrocnemius
(B) tibialis anterior
(C) tibialis posterior
(D) popliteus
(E) fibularis brevis

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