[Anatomy] The Abdomen quizzes – Part 2 (20 questions)

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[Anatomy] The Abdomen quizzes – Part 2 (20 questions)
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Select the one best response to each question!

Which of the following structures is often referred to as the “abdominal policeman”?

The greater omentum has considerable mobility and moves around the peritoneal cavity with peristaltic movements of the viscera. It wraps itself around an inflamed organ such as the appendix, walling it off and thereby protecting other viscera from it. For this reason, the great omentum is referred to as the “policeman of the peritoneal cavity.”

 

21. The gubernaculum is represented postnatally by which of the following structures?
(A) tunica vaginalis testes
(B) processus vaginalis
(C) ductus deferens
(D) scrotal ligament
(E) internal spermatic fascia
22. The cremaster muscle and fascia are derived from which of the following structures?
(A) external abdominal oblique muscle
(B) transverse abdominal muscle and fascia
(C) internal abdominal muscle
(D) transversalis fascia
(E) external abdominal aponeurosis
23. The cremaster muscle is innervated by which of the following nerves?
(A) genital branch of the genitofemoral
(B) ilioinguinal(C) T12
(D) femoral
(E) obturator
24. The artery of the ductus deferens arises from which of the following structures?
(A) aorta
(B) inferior epigastric
(C) inferior vesical
(D) pudendal
(E) common iliac
24. The artery of the ductus deferens arises from which of the following structures?
(A) aorta
(B) inferior epigastric
(C) inferior vesical
(D) pudendal
(E) common iliac
26. The epididymis is located on the posterior aspect of which of the following structures?
(A) urinary bladder
(B) prostate
(C) testis
(D) ovary
(E) uterine tube
27. The testes are covered by a tough fibrous coat known as the
(A) cremaster fascia
(B) tunica albuginea
(C) gubernaculum
(D) tunica dartos
(E) Scarpa’s fascia
28. Which of the following structures represents the closed-off distal part of the embryonic processus vaginalis?
(A) gubernaculum
(B) tunica albuginea
(C) epididymis
(D) tunica vaginalis
(E) urogenital diaphragm
29. The pampiniform plexus provides which of the following testicular functions?
(A) lymphatic drainage
(B) blood supply
(C) nerve supply
(D) thermoregulatory system
(E) hormonal production
30. The parasympathetic innervation of the testis includes which of the following nerves?
(A) pelvic splanchnic
(B) vagus
(C) iliohypogastric
(D) ilioinguinal
(E) pudendal
31. The peritoneal cavity contains which of the following?
(A) liver
(B) pancreas
(C) large intestine
(D) kidney
(E) peritoneal fluid
32. Which of the following structures connects the lesser curvature of the stomach and the proximal part of the duodenum to the liver?
(A) lesser omentum
(B) peritoneal ligament
(C) mesentery
(D) lesser omentum
(E) peritoneal fold
33. Which of the following structures is often referred to as the “abdominal policeman”?
(A) hepatoduodenal ligament
(B) gastrohepatic ligament
(C) greater omentum
(D) gastrocolic ligament
(E) falciform ligament
34. Which of the following ligaments conducts the portal triad (portal vein, hepatic artery, and bile duct)?

(A) greater omentum
(B) falciform ligament
(C) gastrohepatic ligament
(D) hepatoduodenal ligament
(E) gastrocolic ligament

35. Which of the following structures forms the superior boundary of the omental foramen?
(A) inferior vena cava
(B) duodenum
(C) caudate lobe of the liver
(D) head of the pancreas
(E) hepatoduodenal ligament
36. Which of the following structures contains both smooth and skeletal muscles?
(A) stomach
(B) jejunum
(C) cecum
(D) esophagus
(E) rectum
37. Which of the following arteries provides the abdominal parts of the esophagus with its arterial supply?
(A) cystic
(B) gastroduodenal
(C) left gastric
(D) hepatic
(E) left gastroepiploic
38. Rugae are located in which of the following structures?
(A) duodenum
(B) stomach
(C) cecum
(D) ileum
(E) transverse colon
39. The left gastro-omental artery arises from which of the following arteries?
(A) splenic
(B) hepatic
(C) gastroduodenal(D) left gastric
(E) right gastric
40. The sympathetic nerve supply of the stomach arises from which of the following cord segments?
(A) T1–T5
(B) T6–T9
(C) T6–T12
(D) L1–L3
(E) T10–L2

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