[Anatomy] The Abdomen quizzes – Part 1 (20 questions)

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[Anatomy] The Abdomen quizzes – Part 1 (20 questions)
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Select the one best response to each question!

The aponeuroses of all three flat muscles of the anterolateral abdominal wall interlace in which of the following structures?

The aponeuroses of these muscles interlace at the linea alba with their fellows of the opposite side to form the tough, aponeurotic tendinous sheath of the rectus muscle, and the rectus sheath

 

1. For general clinical descriptions, which of the following planes is used as one of the planes to define four quadrants of the abdominal cavity?
(A) subcostal
(B) transtubercular
(C) midclavicular
(D) transumbilical
(E) midaxillary
2. The midclavicular planes pass through the midpoint of the clavicles to the midpoint of which of the following structures?
(A) anterior superior iliac spine
(B) symphysis pubis
(C) umbilicus
(D) inguinal ligament
(E) xiphoid process
3. The fascial layer that covers the deep surface of the transverse abdominal muscle is known as which of the following?
(A) parietal peritoneum
(B) deep fascia
(C) transversalis fascia
(D) Scarpa’s fascia
(E) Camper’s fascia
4. Where is extraperitoneal fat located?
(A) between the abdominal oblique muscles
(B) deep to the parietal peritoneum
(C) superficial to Camper’s fascia
(D) superficial to the deep fascia
(E) deep to the transversalis fascia
5. The superficial muscle fibers of the external
abdominal oblique arising from the middle to
lower ribs interdigitate with which of the following muscles?
(A) internal abdominal oblique
(B) serratus anterior
(C) rectus abdominis
(D) pyramidalis
(E) transversus abdominis
6. The anterolateral abdominal wall is bounded by all of the following structures EXCEPT
(A) cartilages of the 7th through 10th ribs
(B) linea alba
(C) xiphoid process
(D) inguinal ligament
(E) pelvic bone
7. The aponeuroses of all three flat muscles of the anterolateral abdominal wall interlace in which of the following structures?
(A) inguinal ligament
(B) transversalis fascia
(C) linea alba
(D) anterior superior iliac spine
(E) rectus abdominis
8. All of the following structures are located within the rectus sheath EXCEPT
(A) pyramidalis
(B) rectus abdominis
(C) inferior epigastric arteries and veins
(D) deep inguinal ring
(E) ventral primary rami of T7–T12 nerves
9. Inferiorly, the inferior margin of the external oblique aponeurosis thickens and folds back on itself to form which of the following structures?
(A) rectus sheath
(B) inguinal ligament
(C) arcuate line
(D) deep inguinal ring
(E) fundiform ligament
10. The reflected inguinal ligament receives fibers from the contralateral aponeurosis of which of the following structures?
(A) external abdominal oblique
(B) internal abdominal oblique
(C) transverse abdominal oblique
(D) rectus abdominis
(E) pyramidalis
11. Between the internal oblique and transverse abdominal muscles is a neurovascular plane that contains all of the following EXCEPT
(A) iliohypogastric nerve
(B) deep circumflex iliac artery
(C) inferior epigastric artery
(D) subcostal nerve
(E) ilioinguinal nerve
12. The rectus abdominis muscle is anchored transversely by attachment to the anterior  layer of the rectus sheath by which of the following structures?
(A) pubic tubercle
(B) xiphoid process
(C) linea alba
(D) tendinous intersections

(E) umbilicus

13. Which of the following structures defines the point at which the posterior lamina of the internal oblique and the aponeurosis of the transverse abdominal become part of the anterior rectus sheath?
(A) arcuate line
(B) inguinal ligament
(C) tendinous intersections
(D) deep inguinal ring
(E) medial crus
14. The two medial umbilical folds represent remnants of which of the following structures?
(A) urachus
(B) umbilical arteries
(C) umbilical veins
(D) ductus venosus
(E) ductus arteriosus
15. Which of the following fossae are potential sites for direct inguinal hernias?
(A) supravesical
(B) medial inguinal
(C) lateral inguinal
(D) ischiorectal
(E) iliac
16. The inguinal canal contains which of the following nerves?
(A) iliohypogastric
(B) ilioinguinal
(C) genital branch of the genitofemoral
(D) obturator
(E) lateral femoral cutaneous
17. Which of the following structures give rise to the deep inguinal ring?
(A) gubernaculum
(B) conjoined tendon
(C) lacunar ligament
(D) external abdominal oblique aponeurosis
(E) transversalis fascia
18. The lacunar ligament is a reflection or extension from the deep aspect of which of the following structures?
(A) falciform ligament
(B) round ligament
(C) rectus sheath
(D) inguinal ligament
(E) transversalis fascia
19. The iliopubic tract is the thickened inferior margin of which of the following structures?
(A) inguinal ligament
(B) transversalis fascia
(C) conjoined tendon
(D) falciform ligament
(E) round ligament
20. The testes develop in which of the following areas?
(A) scrotum
(B) abdominal cavity
(C) extraperitoneal
(D) rectus sheath
(E) superficial fascia

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