[Anatomy] The Thorax quizzes – Part 4 (15 questions)

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[Anatomy] The Thorax quizzes – Part 4 (15 questions)
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Select the one best response to each question!

The entire cardiovascular system is derived from which of the following?

The entire cardiovascular system is derived from mesoderm.

 

61. Visceral afferent fibers of the tenth cranial nerve are NOT distributed to which of the following?
(A) bronchial mucosa
(B) bronchial muscles
(C) interalveolar connective tissue
(D) pulmonary arteries and veins
(E) diaphragm
62. The greater, lesser, and least splanchnic nerves are examples of what type of splanchnic nerves?

(A) cervical splanchnic nerves
(B) upper thoracic splanchnic nerves
(C) lower thoracic splanchnic nerves
(D) lumbar splanchnic nerves
(E) pelvic splanchnic nerves

63. The greater splanchnic nerve originates from which vertebral levels?
(A) T1–4
(B) T5–9
(C) T10–11
(D) T12
(E) L1–4
64. The fibers of the greater splanchnic nerve synapse in which ganglion?
(A) celiac ganglion
(B) inferior mesenteric ganglion
(C) paravertebral ganglia
(D) pulmonary plexus
(E) adrenal cortex
65. The level of the domes of the diaphragm varies according to various situations. Which of the following does NOT affect the level of the domes of the diaphragm?
(A) phase of respiration
(B) posture
(C) size of distention of abdominal viscera
(D) degree of distention of abdominal viscera
(E) heart contractions
66. Which of the following passes through the caval opening of the diaphragm?
(A) terminal branches of the right phrenic nerve
(B) thoracic duct
(C) greater thoracic splanchnic nerve
(D) sympathetic trunk
(E) vagus
67. Which of the following does NOT pass through the esophageal hiatus of the diaphragm?
(A) esophagus
(B) branches of the left gastric vessels
(C) lymphatic vessels
(D) vagal trunks
(E) lesser thoracic splanchnic nerve
68. Which of the following passes through the aortic hiatus of the diaphragm?
(A) least thoracic splanchnic nerve
(B) thoracic duct
(C) branches of right gastric vessels
(D) sympathetic trunks
(E) terminal branches of the left phrenic nerve
69. Ribs are formed from which of the following?
(A) sclerotome portion of paraxial mesoderm
(B) lateral plate mesoderm
(C) ectodermal invagination
(D) endodermal migration
(E) neural crest cell transitory development
70. The pleuropericardial membranes develop into what structures of the adult?
(A) fibrous pericardium
(B) diaphragm
(C) parietal pleura
(D) visceral pleura
(E) the membranes degenerate completely
71. The diaphragm is NOT derived from which of the following?
(A) septum transversum
(B) pleuroperitoneal membranes
(C) muscular components from lateral and dorsal body walls
(D) mesentery of esophagus
(E) anterior thoracic fascia
72. The entire cardiovascular system is derived from which of the following?
(A) neural crest cells
(B) endoderm

(C) mesoderm
(D) ectoderm
(E) notochord invagination

73. Which of the following is NOT derived from the original aortic arch system?
(A) carotid arteries
(B) arch of the aorta
(C) pulmonary artery
(D) right subclavian artery
(E) coronary arteries
74. The respiratory system is an outgrowth of what?
(A) middle mediastinum
(B) ventral wall of foregut
(C) anterior abdominal wall
(D) aortic arches
(E) pharyngeal arches
75. Which of the following correctly describes the development of the lungs, in order?
(A) pseudoglandular period, canalicular period, terminal sac period, alveolar period
(B) canalicular period, pseudoglandular period, terminal sac period, alveolar period
(C) alveolar period, pseudoglandular period, canalicular period, terminal sac period
(D) pseudoglandular period, terminal sac period, alveolar period, canalicular period
(E) terminal sac period, alveolar period, pseudoglandular period, canalicular period

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