Select the one best response to each question!
The neck of the bladder in females is held firmly by which of the following structures?
The bladder is relatively free within the extraperitoneal subcutaneous fatty tissue except for its neck, which is held firmly by the puboprostatic ligaments in males and the pubovesical ligaments in females
The median umbilical ligament contains which of the following structures?
The median umbilical ligament is formed by the remnant of the urachus
The inferior ends of the seminal vesicles are closely related to the rectum and are separated from it only by which of the following structures?
The inferior ends of the seminal vesicles are closely related to the rectum and are separated from it only by the rectovesical septum, a membranous partition
Which of the following structures is the largest accessory gland of the male reproductive system?
The prostate is the largest accessory gland of the male reproductive system
All of the following muscles compress the vagina and act like sphincters EXCEPT
The pubovaginalis, external urethral sphincter, urethrovaginal sphincter, and bulbospongiosus compress the vagina and act like sphincters
The mesosalpinx forms the mesentery for which of the following structures?
The part of the broad ligament forming the mesentery of the uterine tube is the mesosalpinx
The ovarian arteries arise from which of the following arteries?
The ovarian arteries arise from the abdominal aorta
Which of the following structures provides support for the ampulla of the rectum?
The dilated terminal part of the rectum, lying directly above and supported by the pelvic diaphragm (levator ani) and anococcygeal ligament is the ampulla of the rectum
In males the rectum is related anteriorly to all of the following structures EXCEPT
In males the rectum is related anteriorly to the fundus of the urinary bladder, terminal parts of the ureters, ductus deferens, seminal vesicles, and prostate
Distally the corpus spongiosum expands to form which of the following structures?
Distally the corpus spongiosum expands to form the conical glans penis
Helicine arteries are located in which of the following structures?
The deep arteries of the penis are the main vessels supplying the cavernous spaces in the erectile tissue of the corpora cavernosa and are therefore involved in the erection of the penis. They give off numerous branches that open directly into the cavernous spaces. When the penis is flaccid, these arteries are coiled and therefore are called helicine arteries
The term vulva is synonymous with which of the following structures?
The synonymous terms vulva and pudendum include the clitoris, vestibule of the vagina, bulbs of vestibule, and greater vestibular gland
Which of the following structures may be referred to as the fourchette?
In young women, especially virgins, the labia minora are connected by a small fold known as the frenulum of the labia minora or the fourchette
The lesser vestibular glands open into which of the following structures?
The slender ducts of the greater vestibular glands pass deep to the bulbs of the vestibule and open into the vestibule on each side of the vaginal orifice. The lesser vestibular glands are small glands on each side of the vestibule that open into it between the urethral and vaginal orifices
Which of the following structures is incised during median episiotomy for childbirth?
The perineal body is the major structure incised during median episiotomy for childbirth
Which of the following arteries is a direct continuation of the inferior mesenteric artery?
The superior rectal artery is the direct continuation of the inferior mesenteric artery. The superior rectal artery anastomoses with branches of the middle rectal artery (a branch of the internal iliac artery) and with the inferior rectal artery (a branch of the internal pudendal artery)
The superior gluteal artery leaves the pelvis through which of the following openings?
The superior gluteal artery leaves the pelvis through the superior part of the greater sciatic foramen, superior to the piriformis muscle, to supply the gluteal muscles in the buttocks
Which of the following structures separates the bladder from the pubic bones in females?
Please select 2 correct answers
When empty, the adult male or female urinary bladder is in the lesser pelvis, lying posterior and slightly superior to the pubic bones. It is separated from these bones by the potential retropubic space and lies inferior to the peritoneum, where it rests on the pelvic floor
The membranous part of the male urethra is located in which of the following structures?
The intermediate part of the urethra (membranous part) is the section passing through the external urethral sphincter and the perineal membrane. The short intermediate part, extending from the prostatic urethra to the spongy urethra, is the narrowest and least distensible part of the urethra
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See all quizzes of the Pelvis and Perineum at here:
81. The paraurethral glands are homologues to which of the following structures?
(C) seminal vesicles
(D) bulbourethral glands
82. Lithotripsy uses shock waves to break up which of the following structures?
(A) blood clots
(B) foreign bodies
(C) small tumors
(D) urinary calculi
83. Which of the following areas contributes to the major part of the prostate?
(A) anterior lobe
(C) posterior lobe
84. The relationship (“water passing under the bridge”) is an especially important one for surgeons ligating which of the following arteries?
85. Immediately superior to the perineal membrane is located which of the following muscles?
(A) obturator internus
(B) levator ani
(E) deep transverse perineal
86. The navicular fossa is located in which of the following structures?
(A) bulb of the penis
(C) membranous urethra
(D) glans penis
(E) neck of bladder
87. All of the following nerves provide innervation to the scrotum EXCEPT
(E) posterior femoral cutaneous
88. All of the following structures surround the corpora cavernosa and corpus spongiosum EXCEPT
(A) loose areolar tissue
(B) deep fascia
(C) tunica albuginea
(E) tunica dartos
89. Which of the following arteries gives rise to the deferential artery?
(A) internal pudendal
(C) inferior vesicle
90. Which of the following structures is located at the free anterior borders of the levator ani?
(A) coccygeus muscle
(B) piriformis muscle
(C) urogenital hiatus
(D) obturator internus muscle
91. Which of the following structures form a U-shaped sling around the anorectal junction?
(A) sacrospinous ligament
(B) anococcygeal ligament
(C) superficial transverse perineal muscle
(D) puborectalis muscle
(E) sacrotuberous ligament
92. Which of the following muscles is the larger part and most important muscle in the pelvic floor?
(B) obturator internus
(D) deep transverse perineal muscle
(E) levator ani
93. Which of the following muscles passes through the lesser sciatic foramen?
(A) obturator internus
94. Which of the following muscles leaves the lesser pelvis through the greater sciatic foramen?
95. The pelvic splanchnic nerves contain which of the following?
(A) somatic afferents
(B) sympathetic fibers
(C) parasympathetic fibers
(D) special visceral efferents
(E) special somatic afferents
96. The internal iliac artery is crossed by which of the following structures at the level of the 4th intervertebral disc between L5 and S1?
(A) puborectalis muscle
(C) obturator nerve
(D) umbilical artery
(E) tendinous arch of the levator ani
97. The superior end of the vagina surrounds which of the following structures?
(A) round ligament
(B) urogenital hiatus
(E) neck of bladder
98. Which of the following nerves innervates the lower one fourth of the vagina?
(A) pelvic splanchnics
(B) lumbar splanchnics
(D) superior hypogastric plexus
(E) inferior hypogastric plexus
99. Which of the following structures forms the mesentery of the uterus?
(A) round ligament of the uterus
(C) pelvic diaphragm
(D) endopelvic fascia
100. The posterior part of the tendinous arch of pelvic fascia forms which of the following ligaments?