Home Medical QuizzesAnatomy Quizzes [Anatomy] The Pelvis and Perineum Quizzes – Part 4 (20 questions)

[Anatomy] The Pelvis and Perineum Quizzes – Part 4 (20 questions)

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The Pelvis and Perineum Quizzes 4

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The neck of the bladder in females is held firmly by which of the following structures?

Correct! Wrong!

The bladder is relatively free within the extraperitoneal subcutaneous fatty tissue except for its neck, which is held firmly by the puboprostatic ligaments in males and the pubovesical ligaments in females

The median umbilical ligament contains which of the following structures?

Correct! Wrong!

The median umbilical ligament is formed by the remnant of the urachus

The inferior ends of the seminal vesicles are closely related to the rectum and are separated from it only by which of the following structures?

Correct! Wrong!

The inferior ends of the seminal vesicles are closely related to the rectum and are separated from it only by the rectovesical septum, a membranous partition

Which of the following structures is the largest accessory gland of the male reproductive system?

Correct! Wrong!

The prostate is the largest accessory gland of the male reproductive system

All of the following muscles compress the vagina and act like sphincters EXCEPT

Correct! Wrong!

The pubovaginalis, external urethral sphincter, urethrovaginal sphincter, and bulbospongiosus compress the vagina and act like sphincters

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The mesosalpinx forms the mesentery for which of the following structures?

Correct! Wrong!

The part of the broad ligament forming the mesentery of the uterine tube is the mesosalpinx

The ovarian arteries arise from which of the following arteries?

Correct! Wrong!

The ovarian arteries arise from the abdominal aorta

Which of the following structures provides support for the ampulla of the rectum?

Correct! Wrong!

The dilated terminal part of the rectum, lying directly above and supported by the pelvic diaphragm (levator ani) and anococcygeal ligament is the ampulla of the rectum

In males the rectum is related anteriorly to all of the following structures EXCEPT

Correct! Wrong!

In males the rectum is related anteriorly to the fundus of the urinary bladder, terminal parts of the ureters, ductus deferens, seminal vesicles, and prostate

Distally the corpus spongiosum expands to form which of the following structures?

Correct! Wrong!

Distally the corpus spongiosum expands to form the conical glans penis

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Helicine arteries are located in which of the following structures?

Correct! Wrong!

The deep arteries of the penis are the main vessels supplying the cavernous spaces in the erectile tissue of the corpora cavernosa and are therefore involved in the erection of the penis. They give off numerous branches that open directly into the cavernous spaces. When the penis is flaccid, these arteries are coiled and therefore are called helicine arteries

The term vulva is synonymous with which of the following structures?

Correct! Wrong!

The synonymous terms vulva and pudendum include the clitoris, vestibule of the vagina, bulbs of vestibule, and greater vestibular gland

Which of the following structures may be referred to as the fourchette?

Correct! Wrong!

In young women, especially virgins, the labia minora are connected by a small fold known as the frenulum of the labia minora or the fourchette

The lesser vestibular glands open into which of the following structures?

Correct! Wrong!

The slender ducts of the greater vestibular glands pass deep to the bulbs of the vestibule and open into the vestibule on each side of the vaginal orifice. The lesser vestibular glands are small glands on each side of the vestibule that open into it between the urethral and vaginal orifices

Which of the following structures is incised during median episiotomy for childbirth?

Correct! Wrong!

The perineal body is the major structure incised during median episiotomy for childbirth

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Which of the following arteries is a direct continuation of the inferior mesenteric artery?

Correct! Wrong!

The superior rectal artery is the direct continuation of the inferior mesenteric artery. The superior rectal artery anastomoses with branches of the middle rectal artery (a branch of the internal iliac artery) and with the inferior rectal artery (a branch of the internal pudendal artery)

The superior gluteal artery leaves the pelvis through which of the following openings?

Correct! Wrong!

The superior gluteal artery leaves the pelvis through the superior part of the greater sciatic foramen, superior to the piriformis muscle, to supply the gluteal muscles in the buttocks

Which of the following structures separates the bladder from the pubic bones in females?

Please select 2 correct answers

Correct! Wrong!

When empty, the adult male or female urinary bladder is in the lesser pelvis, lying posterior and slightly superior to the pubic bones. It is separated from these bones by the potential retropubic space and lies inferior to the peritoneum, where it rests on the pelvic floor

The membranous part of the male urethra is located in which of the following structures?

Correct! Wrong!

The intermediate part of the urethra (membranous part) is the section passing through the external urethral sphincter and the perineal membrane. The short intermediate part, extending from the prostatic urethra to the spongy urethra, is the narrowest and least distensible part of the urethra

[Anatomy] The Pelvis and Perineum Quizzes – Part 4 (20 questions)
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61. The neck of the bladder in females is held firmly by which of the following structures?
(A) puboprostatic ligaments
(B) puborectalis muscle
(C) levator ani muscle
(D) coccygeus muscle
(E) pubovesical ligaments
62. The median umbilical ligament contains which of the following structures?
(A) inferior epigastric vessels
(B) obturator vessels
(C) remnant of the urachus
(D) uterine tubes
(E) ovarian vessels
63. The inferior ends of the seminal vesicles are closely related to the rectum and are separated from it only by which of the following structures?
(A) pubovesical ligament
(B) puboprostatic ligament
(C) rectovesical septum
(D) puborectalis muscle
(E) coccygeus muscle
64. Which of the following structures is the largest accessory gland of the male reproductive system?
(A) testes
(B) seminal vesicles
(C) prostate
(D) bulbourethral glands
(E) epididymis
65. All of the following muscles compress the vagina and act like sphincters EXCEPT
(A) pubovaginalis
(B) external urethral sphincter
(C) urethrovaginal sphincter
(D) bulbospongiosus
(E) pubococcygeus
66. The mesosalpinx forms the mesentery for which of the following structures?
(A) uterine tube
(B) ovary
(C) small intestine
(D) bladder
(E) uterus
67. The ovarian arteries arise from which of the following arteries?
(A) superior gluteal
(B) inferior gluteal
(C) abdominal aorta
(D) superior rectal
(E) internal pudendal
68. Which of the following structures provides support for the ampulla of the rectum?
(A) urogenital diaphragm
(B) puboprostatic ligament
(C) sacrogenital ligament
(D) tendinous arch of pelvic fascia
(E) levator ani and anococcygeal ligament
69. In males the rectum is related anteriorly to all of the following structures EXCEPT
(A) fundus of the urinary bladder
(B) proximal parts of the ureters
(C) ductus deferens
(D) seminal vesicles
(E) prostate
70. Some obstetricians apply the term perineum to a more restricted region that extends between which of the following structures?
(A) perineal body and the mons pubis
(B) vagina and anus
(C) pubic arch and the rectum
(D) ischial spines and pubic tubercles
(E) vestibule and sacrum
71. Distally the corpus spongiosum expands to form which of the following structures?
(A) bulb of the penis
(B) clitoris
(C) vestibule
(D) glans penis
(E) crura of the penis
72. Helicine arteries are located in which of the following structures?
(A) superficial perineal space
(B) deep perineal space

(C) corpora cavernosa
(D) spermatic cord
(E) bulbospongiosum

73. The term vulva is synonymous with which of
the following structures?
(A) mons pubis
(B) labia majora
(C) vestibule
(D) clitoris
(E) pudendum
74. Which of the following structures may be referred to as the fourchette?
(A) prepuce of the clitoris
(B) frenulum of the labia minora
(C) vestibule of the vagina
(D) glans clitoris
(E) mons pubis
75. The lesser vestibular glands open into which of the following structures?
(A) vestibule between the urethral and vaginal orifices
(B) vestibule on each side of the vaginal orifice
(C) bulbs of the vestibule
(D) glans clitoris
(E) bulbourethral ducts
76. Which of the following structures is incised during median episiotomy for childbirth?
(A) perineal body
(B) greater vestibular glands
(C) lesser vestibular glands
(D) clitoris
(E) urethra
77. Which of the following arteries is a direct continuation of the inferior mesenteric artery?
(A) superior rectal
(B) middle rectal
(C) inferior rectal
(D) iliolumbar
(E) lateral sacral
78. The superior gluteal artery leaves the pelvis through which of the following openings?
(A) greater sciatic foramen
(B) lesser sciatic foramen
(C) obturator canal
(D) pudendal canal
(E) sacral foramina
79. Which of the following structures separates the bladder from the pubic bones in females?
(A) rectouterine fold
(B) vesicouterine pouch
(C) trigone of the bladder
(D) median umbilical fold
(E) retropubic space
80. The membranous part of the male urethra is located in which of the following structures?
(A) bladder
(B) prostate
(C) external urethral sphincter
(D) bulb of penis
(E) glans penis

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