Home Medical QuizzesAnatomy Quizzes [Anatomy] The Head and Neck Quizzes – Part 7 (26 questions)

[Anatomy] The Head and Neck Quizzes – Part 7 (26 questions)

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The Head and Neck Quizzes – Part 7

Select the one best response to each question!

 

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Which of the following is NOT innervated by the cranial root of the accessory nerve?

Correct! Wrong!

The salpingopharyngeus is innervated by the glossopharyngeal nerve. The three constrictors, palatopharyngeus, and salpingopharyngeus are innervated by the cranial root of the accessory nerve

Which of the following has an insertion on the pharyngeal tubercle of the occipital bone?

Correct! Wrong!

The superior constrictor inserts on the median raphe of the pharynx and the pharyngeal tubercle on the basilar part of the occipital bone

Which of the following passes through the gap between the superior constrictor and the skull?

Correct! Wrong!

The ascending palatine artery, levator veli palatini, and pharyngotympanic tube pass through the gap between the superior constrictor and the skull

Which of the following passes through the gap between the superior and middle constrictors?

Correct! Wrong!

The glossopharyngeal nerve, stylopharyngeus, and stylohyoid ligament pass through the gap between the superior and middle constrictors

Which of the following passes through the gap between the middle and inferior constrictors?

Correct! Wrong!

The superior laryngeal artery and vein and the internal laryngeal nerve pass through the gap between the middle and inferior constrictors

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Which of the following passes through the gap inferior to the inferior constrictor?

Correct! Wrong!

The inferior laryngeal artery and recurrent laryngeal nerve pass through the gap inferior to the inferior constrictor

Which of the following is correct?

Correct! Wrong!

A Le Fort I fracture is a horizontal fracture of the maxillae

Which of the following is NOT present at birth?

Correct! Wrong!

The mastoid processes are absent at birth. Therefore, the facial nerves are close to the surface when they emerge from the stylomastoid foramina and may be injured during delivery

The inferior alveolar nerve is best blocked at which location for dental work?

Correct! Wrong!

The site of anesthetic injection to block the inferior alveolar nerve is the mandibular foramen

A lesion to the zygomatic branch of CN VII would cause which of the following?

Correct! Wrong!

A lesion of the zygomatic branch of CN VII would cause paralysis of the orbicularis oculi and therefore a drooping of the lower eyelid. Subsequently, tears would fail to spread over the cornea, resulting in a corneal scar and therefore impaired vision

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The facial veins make clinically important connections with the cavernous sinus through which veins?

Correct! Wrong!

The facial veins make clinically important connections with the cavernous sinus through the superior ophthalmic veins. Infections in the orbit, nasal sinuses, and superior part of the face may lead to cavernous sinus thrombosis

An epidural hematoma consists of blood from which vessel?

Correct! Wrong!

An epidural hematoma consists of blood from the middle meningeal artery

Cerebral compression is NOT attributed to which of the following?

Correct! Wrong!

Cerebral compression is typically attributed to intracranial collections of blood, obstruction of CSF flow, intracranial tumors or abscesses, and edema of the brain

Ptosis results from a lesion of which nerve?

Correct! Wrong!

Ptosis (drooping upper eyelid) is caused by a lesion to the oculomotor nerve, which innervates the levator palpebrae superioris

Horner syndrome is caused by a lesion of which of the following?

Correct! Wrong!

Interruption of the cervical sympathetic trunk results in Horner syndrome

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Which of the following is NOT a symptom of Horner syndrome?

Correct! Wrong!

Symptoms of Horner syndrome include pupillary constriction, ptosis, sinking in of one eye, and absence of sweating on the face and neck

A lesion of the hypoglossal nerve would result in which of the following?

Correct! Wrong!

A lesion to the hypoglossal nerve (due to a neck laceration or basal skull fracture) would result in the protruded tongue deviating toward the affected side in addition to altered articulation

What type of injury or condition might cause a lesion to the olfactory tract?

Correct! Wrong!

Fracture of the cribriform plate might cause a lesion to the olfactory tract, resulting in anosmia or CSF rhinorrhea

. Sagging of the soft palate, deviation of the uvula to the normal side, and hoarseness might be caused by a lesion to which nerve?

Correct! Wrong!

Sagging of the soft palate, deviation of the uvula to the normal side, and hoarseness might be caused by a lesion to the vagus nerve at the brainstem or in the neck

A superficial neck laceration might result in which abnormal finding?

Correct! Wrong!

A neck laceration might damage the spinal root of the accessory nerve, resulting in paralysis of the SCM and superior fibers of the trapezius and drooping of the shoulder

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The eye is turned down and out. What type and site of lesion do you expect?

Correct! Wrong!

Pressure from the uncus, a fracture in the cavernous sinus, or aneurysms could damage CN III, resulting in a dilated pupil, ptosis, the eye being turned down and out, and a loss of pupillary reflex on the side of the lesion

A laceration or contusion in the parotid region or a fracture of the temporal bone might damage which nerve?

Correct! Wrong!

A laceration or contusion in the parotid region, a fracture of the temporal bone, or a stroke might damage the facial nerve, resulting in paralysis of facial muscles, an eye that remains open, a drooping mouth, a smooth-appearing forehead (no wrinkles), dry cornea, and loss of taste in the anterior two-thirds of the tongue

Which nerve might be damaged by a fracture involving the cavernous sinus?

Correct! Wrong!

A fracture involving the cavernous sinus might damage the oculomotor nerve or the abducens nerve

The stylopharyngeus is associated with which branchial arch?

Correct! Wrong!

The third arch is associated with the glossopharyngeal nerve, stylopharyngeus, and the greater horn and lower portion of the body of the hyoid bone

The arytenoid and cricoid cartilages and laryngeal connective tissue are formed by what?

Correct! Wrong!

The arytenoid and cricoid cartilages and laryngeal connective tissue are formed by lateral plate mesoderm

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Which of the following prominences is NOT correctly paired with the structures formed from it?

Correct! Wrong!

The lower lip is formed from the mandibular prominence

[Anatomy] The Head and Neck Quizzes – Part 7 (26 questions)
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See all quizzes of  the The Head and Neck Quizzes at here:

Part 1Part 2Part 3Part 4Part 5 | Part 6 | Part 7

 

121. Which of the following is NOT innervated by the cranial root of the accessory nerve?
(A) middle constrictor
(B) inferior constrictor
(C) palatopharyngeus
(D) salpingopharyngeus
(E) stylopharyngeus
122. Which of the following has an insertion on the pharyngeal tubercle of the occipital bone?
(A) superior constrictor
(B) middle constrictor
(C) palatopharyngeus
(D) salpingopharyngeus
(E) stylopharyngeus
123. Which of the following passes through the gap between the superior constrictor and the skull?
(A) tensor veli palatini
(B) ascending palatine artery
(C) glossopharyngeal nerve
(D) stylohyoid ligament
(E) stylopharyngeus
124. Which of the following passes through the gap between the superior and middle constrictors?
(A) glossopharyngeal nerve
(B) levator veli palatini
(C) internal laryngeal nerve
(D) superior laryngeal artery
(E) superior laryngeal vein
125. Which of the following passes through the gap between the middle and inferior constrictors?
(A) superior laryngeal artery
(B) stylopharyngeus
(C) vagus nerve
(D) recurrent laryngeal nerve
(E) inferior laryngeal artery
126. Which of the following passes through the gap inferior to the inferior constrictor?
(A) vagus nerve
(B) internal laryngeal nerve
(C) superior laryngeal nerve
(D) inferior laryngeal artery
(E) superior laryngeal vein
127. Which of the following is correct?
(A) Le Fort I fracture: horizontal fracture of the maxillae
(B) Le Fort I fracture: fracture through the maxillary sinuses, infraorbital foramina, lacrimals, and ethmoids
(C) Le Fort II fracture: horizontal fracture through superior orbital fissures, ethmoid and nasal bones, and greater wings of the sphenoids
(D) Le Fort III fracture: horizontal fracture of the maxillae
(E) Le Fort III fracture: fracture through the maxillary sinuses, infraorbital foramina, lacrimals, and ethmoids
128. Which of the following is NOT present at birth?
(A) styloid process
(B) mastoid process
(C) external occipital protuberance
(D) tympanic membrane
(E) clavicles
129. The inferior alveolar nerve is best blocked at which location for dental work?
(A) mental foramen
(B) greater palatine foramen
(C) less palatine foramen
(D) mandibular foramen
(E) lingual foramen
130. A lesion to the zygomatic branch of CN VII would cause which of the following?
(A) the inability to empty food from the vestibule of the cheeks
(B) a drooping corner of the mouth
(C) a ringing in the ear
(D) paralysis of the muscles of mastication
(E) a drooping lower eyelid
131. The facial veins make clinically important connections with the cavernous sinus through which veins?
(A) lingual veins
(B) trigeminal veins

(C) superior ophthalmic veins
(D) great cerebral vein
(E) meningeal veins

132. An epidural hematoma consists of blood from which vessel?
(A) middle meningeal artery
(B) cerebral veins
(C) internal carotid artery
(D) circle of Willis
(E) vertebral artery
133. Cerebral compression is NOT attributed to which of the following?
(A) intracranial collections of blood
(B) obstruction of CSF flow
(C) intracranial tumors or abscesses
(D) edema of brain
(E) viral accumulation at blood-brain barrier
134. Ptosis results from a lesion of which nerve?
(A) optic nerve
(B) oculomotor nerve
(C) trochlear nerve
(D) trigeminal nerve
(E) abducens nerve
135. Horner syndrome is caused by a lesion of which of the following?
(A) oculomotor nerve
(B) trigeminal nerve
(C) facial nerve
(D) vagus nerve
(E) cervical sympathetic trunk
136. Which of the following is NOT a symptom of Horner syndrome?
(A) pupillary constriction
(B) ptosis
(C) sinking in of one eye
(D) absence of sweating on face and neck
(E) lack of lacrimation
137. A lesion of the hypoglossal nerve would result in which of the following?

(A) loss of taste on posterior one-third of tongue
(B) deviation of protruded tongue toward unaffected side
(C) deviation of protruded tongue toward affected side
(D) inability to retract tongue
(E) loss of salivation

138. What type of injury or condition might cause a lesion to the olfactory tract?
(A) fracture involving optic canal
(B) fracture of cribriform plate
(C) intracerebral clot in occipital lobe of brain
(D) pituitary tumor
(E) epidural hematoma
139. Sagging of the soft palate, deviation of the uvula to the normal side, and hoarseness might be caused by a lesion to which nerve?
(A) facial nerve
(B) glossopharyngeal nerve
(C) vagus nerve
(D) accessory nerve
(E) hypoglossal nerve
140. A superficial neck laceration might result in which abnormal finding?
(A) paralysis of the scm and superior fibers of the trapezius, drooping of the
shoulder
(B) paralysis of the mylohyoid, anterior belly of the digastric, tensor tympani, and tensor veli palatini
(C) paralysis of the posterior belly of the digastric, stylohyoid, and stapedius
(D) anosmia
(E) tinnitus
141. The eye is turned down and out. What type and site of lesion do you expect?
(A) fracture of cribriform plate
(B) stretching of a nerve as it courses around the brainstem
(C) laceration or contusion in the parotid region

(D) pressure from herniating uncus on the nerve or fracture in the cavernous sinus
(E) acoustic neuroma

142. A laceration or contusion in the parotid region or a fracture of the temporal bone might damage which nerve?
(A) trigeminal nerve
(B) abducens nerve
(C) facial nerve
(D) glossopharyngeal nerve
(E) vagus nerve
143. Which nerve might be damaged by a fracture involving the cavernous sinus?
(A) olfactory tract
(B) optic nerve
(C) abducens nerve
(D) facial nerve
(E) vestibulocochlear nerve
144. The stylopharyngeus is associated with which branchial arch?
(A) first
(B) second
(C) third
(D) fourth
(E) sixth
145. The arytenoid and cricoid cartilages and laryngeal connective tissue are formed by what?
(A) lateral plate mesoderm
(B) paraxial mesoderm
(C) neural crest
(D) ectodermal placodes
(E) endoderm
146. Which of the following prominences is NOT correctly paired with the structures formed
from it?
(A) frontonasal: forehead, bridge of nose
(B) maxillary: lateral portion of upper lip
(C) medial nasal: philtrum of upper lip, crest and tip of nose
(D) lateral nasal: alae of nose
(E) mandibular: cheeks

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4 comments

[Anatomy] The Head and Neck Quizzes – Part 1 (20 questions) - MedQuizzes January 23, 2019 - 8:28 am

[…] Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Part 4 | Part 5 | Part 6 | Part 7 […]

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[Anatomy] The Head and Neck Quizzes – Part 3 (20 questions) - MedQuizzes January 23, 2019 - 3:52 pm

[…] Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Part 4 | Part 5 | Part 6 | Part 7 […]

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