The Quizzes about Psychological testing (35 tests)

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The Quizzes about Psychological testing (35 tests)
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Select the ONE answer that is BEST in each case.

A 34-year-old woman suffering from severe depression and chronic renal failure is a candidate for electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Which test listed below can be used to monitor the patient’s depressive symptoms with the greatest reliability and validity?

The Beck Depression Inventory is a widely used test that allows clinicians to follow the severity of previously diagnosed depression. The TAT, Rorschach Test, and Draw-a-Person Test are all types of projective testing. Projective tests, although useful clinical tools, often suffer low reliability and validity. Projective tests require a person skilled at this type of evaluation and often do not have rigorous empirical data and group comparison. The evaluation of depression in relation to the Halstead-Reitan Test is limited by the fact that many depressed patients fail to show deficits on such classic neuropsychological batteries. In addition, these tests, even when demonstrating deficits in cognitive domains such as attention and learning, still have very limited usefulness in evaluating the severity of the depression.

A 34-year-old woman suffering from severe depression and chronic renal failure is a candidate for electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Which test listed below can be used to monitor the patient’s depressive symptoms with the greatest reliability and validity?
(A) Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
(B) Rorschach Test
(C) Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Battery
(D) Draw-a-Person Test
(E) Beck Depression Inventory

A 34-year-old woman suffering from severe depression and chronic renal failure is a candidate for electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). The most useful test to assess for memory impairments in the setting of ECT is which of the following?
(A) Brown-Peterson Task
(B) Beck Depression Inventory
(C) State-Trait Anxiety Inventory
(D) Bulimia Test—Revised
(E) Eating Disorder Inventory-2 (EDI-2)
You admit an 83-year-old widowed White woman for further evaluation because she is no longer able to care for herself at home. She has lost 30 lb in the past year, has poor hygiene, and admits to increasing forgetfulness. A commonly administered screening test to evaluate for dementia is which of the following?
(A) Geriatric Rating Scale
(B) Glasgow Coma Scale
(C) Folstein Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE)
(D) Mental Status Examination (MSE)
(E) Blessed Rating Scale

You admit an 83-year-old widowed White woman for further evaluation because she is no longer able to care for herself at home. She has lost 30 lb in the past year, has poor hygiene, and admits to increasing forgetfulness. Another psychiatric diagnosis that may mimic dementia in this patient is which of the following?
(A) panic disorder
(B) depression
(C) posttraumatic stress disorder
(D) generalized anxiety disorder
(E) obsessive-compulsive disorde

A 28-year-old single African American man with a long history of schizophrenia and prominent thought disorganization asks you if there are psychological tests that would demonstrate which part of his brain “isn’t working.” You explain that no test can indicate exactly which part of his brain is different from those without schizophrenia and suggest a certain test to assess his ability to organize and correctly process information. The neuropsychological test you recommend is which of the following?
(A) MMSE
(B) Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST)
(C) Bender Gestalt Test
(D) Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery
(E) Draw-a-Person Test

A 28-year-old single African American man with a long history of schizophrenia and prominent thought disorganization asks you if there are psychological tests that would demonstrate which part of his brain “isn’t working.” You explain that no test can indicate exactly which part of his brain is different from those without schizophrenia and suggest a certain test to assess his ability to organize and correctly process information. This test assesses which of the following?
(A) executive functions of the brain
(B) attentional state
(C) the ability to draw
(D) orientation
(E) memory

While reading a medical journal, you find an article about a new screening test that predicts a patient’s risk for suicide. The authors have shown that high scores on their screening test correlate with an increased risk for completed suicide. Nine months later, another group repeats the study and demonstrates that male patients consistently scored higher on the screening test than female patients. Furthermore, the authors of the second article state that when gender is taken into account, the previously reported correlation between the screening test and increase in suicide rate vanishes. The authors of the second study conclude that this limits the usefulness of the screening test to predict a patient’s risk of suicide. The authors of the initial article regarding the screening test suggested that their test was useful because of which of the following?
(A) internal reliability
(B) test-retest reliability
(C) content validity
(D) predictive validity
(E) discriminative validity

While reading a medical journal, you find an article about a new screening test that predicts a patient’s risk for suicide. The authors have shown that high scores on their screening test correlate with an increased risk for completed suicide. Nine months later, another group repeats the study and demonstrates that male patients consistently scored higher on the screening test than female patients. Furthermore, the authors of the second article state that when gender is taken into account, the previously reported correlation between the screening test and increase in suicide rate vanishes. The authors of the second study conclude that this limits the usefulness of the screening test to predict a patient’s risk of suicide. The authors of the second paper faulted the usefulness of this screening tool because of its lack of which of the following?
(A) internal reliability
(B) test-retest reliability
(C) content validity
(D) predictive validity
(E) discriminative validity

A patient is administered a test that consists of viewing a set of 10 inkblots sequentially. The responses to the inkblots are noted by the examiner in relationship to the content of the perception, the area of the blot that forms the basis of the response, and the aspects of the area that are used to form the response. The test being administered is which of the following?
(A) TAT
(B) Rorschach Test
(C) Sentence Completion Test
(D) Draw-a-Person Test
(E) Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)

A patient is administered a test that consists of viewing a set of 10 inkblots sequentially. The responses to the inkblots are noted by the examiner in relationship to the content of the perception, the area of the blot that forms the basis of the response, and the aspects of the area that are used to form the response. This type of projective test is best classified as which of the following?
(A) self-expression
(B) constructions
(C) completions
(D) associations
(E) choice of ordering

11. An 89-year-old married African American woman is admitted to the medical service with a diagnosis of failure to thrive. The team following her has asked you to assess her. In their notes, they observe that the patient is not oriented to time. To evaluate orientation, you perform which of the following?
(A) Spatial Orientation Memory Test
(B) Fargo Map Test
(C) Stroop Test
(D) WCST
(E) Temporal Orientation Test

A 25-year-old single African American woman who carries the diagnosis of dependent personality disorder is referred for psychological testing. Your first consideration is whether to perform a set of projective or objective tests. You decide to perform projective tests because of which of the following reasons?
(A) They provide numerical scores.
(B) They ask specific questions with itemized responses.
(C) They are unstructured and allow for a variety of responses from the examinee.
(D) Statistical analysis is easily undertaken on the data.
(E) You want to determine how the patient feels about you.

A 25-year-old single African American woman who carries the diagnosis of dependent personality disorder is referred for psychological testing. Your first consideration is whether to perform a set of projective or objective tests. After performing a battery of projective tests, you chose to continue testing with the MMPI-2. You chose this test because of which of the following reasons?
(A) It is the most widely used test in the evaluation of personality structure.
(B) It can be scored by nonprofessionals.
(C) It is a specific type of projective test.
(D) The patient is single.
(E) It is designed to evaluate attitudes about test taking at the time the test is administered.

A 20-year-old college student is referred for testing to evaluate poor academic performance. He reports that he has always “struggled” to pass his classes despite studying for many hours. He attends all of his lectures and is able to pay attention, yet he does not seem to be able to adequately learn the material. While he is very frustrated, he denies significant depression. Which of the following tests would be most appropriate to determine this patient’s problem?
(A) MMPI-2
(B) Draw-a-Person Test
(C) Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale—Revised (WAIS-R)
(D) Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC)
(E) Wechsler Memory Test (WMT)

A 20-year-old college student is referred for testing to evaluate poor academic performance. He reports that he has always “struggled” to pass his classes despite studying for many hours. He attends all of his lectures and is able to pay attention, yet he does not seem to be able to adequately learn the material. While he is very frustrated, he denies significant depression. The IQ is calculated by which of the following formulas?
(A) performance IQ/verbal IQ × 100
(B) mental age/full-scale IQ × 100
(C) chronological age/performance IQ × 100
(D) mental age/chronological age × 100
(E) actual IQ/theoretic IQ × 100

A 72-year-old man is suspected to have suffered a stroke in his right parietal region. The test most likely to show abnormalities is which of the following?
(A) WMT
(B) WCST
(C) MMPI-2
(D) Rey-Osterrieth Test
(E) Rorschach Test

A 72-year-old man is suspected to have suffered a stroke in his right parietal region. This test assesses which of the following?
(A) visual nonverbal memory
(B) verbal memory
(C) tactile memory
(D) long-term procedural memory
(E) long-term implicit memory

18. A 70-year-old man with multiple medical problems is suspected to have had a stroke, affecting his ability to speak. The test most likely to adequately describe the nature of the difficulty is which of the following?
(A) Stroop Test
(B) Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination
(C) Folstein MMSE
(D) Bender Gestalt Test
(E) Sentence Completion Test

19. A compulsive gambler tells her psychiatrist that once she begins to play the slot machines, she cannot stop, particularly if she wins a few times. Which of the following reinforcement schedules best explains the phenomena?
(A) continuous
(B) fixed-interval
(C) fixed-ratio
(D) variable-interval
(E) variable-ratio

20. When an examiner asks a patient to count backward by 7, starting at 100 (referred to as serial sevens), what is principally being tested?
(A) recent memory
(B) remote memory
(C) concentration
(D) fund of knowledge
(E) mathematics skills

21. A 39-year-old woman presents to the outpatient mental health clinic at the request of her oncologist 3 weeks after being diagnosed with metastatic breast cancer. The patient denies strong feelings in relation to the diagnosis, but talks a great deal about the epidemiology of breast cancer and the available treatment options. Which of the following defense mechanisms is she using?
(A) sublimation
(B) dissociation
(C) intellectualization
(D) rationalization
(E) self-observation

22. A 35-year-old woman presents with episodic anxiety and complains of the occasional feeling that she has heard or perceived things prior to actually hearing them. She expresses her concern that she is “going crazy.” You assure her that this can occur in anxiety disorders. What is this phenomenon called?
(A) déjà vu
(B) jamais vu
(C) déjà entendu
(D) folie à deux
(E) la belle indifférence

23. After being severely reprimanded by his employer, a man goes home and is extremely nasty to his wife. What is his behavior an example of?
(A) sublimation
(B) dissociation
(C) displacement
(D) rationalization
(E) conversion

24. A psychiatrist discovers that she is frustrated and easily angered with one of her patients for no obvious reason. While talking to a colleague, she admits that the patient reminds her of her abusive father. Which of the following best describes the clinician’s reaction?
(A) transference
(B) countertransference
(C) reaction formation
(D) displacement
(E) projection

25. A 36-year-old woman was placed on alprazolam (Xanax) 3 years ago for panic disorder. After watching a news report on television, she became frightened about addiction. She abruptly stopped the medication and during the next 3 days experienced increased anxiety attacks, but claims that she is now doing better. She denies any tremor, sweating, increased heart rate, or uneasiness except in relation to the panic attacks. Which of the following best describes this phenomenon?
(A) recurrence
(B) rebound
(C) withdrawal
(D) dystonic reaction
(E) akathisia

26. A 37-year-old patient presents to your office for the first time for long-term psychotherapy. You decide it would be helpful to compile a personality inventory. You place a set of 10 inkblots in front of the patient and note the responses in terms of the content of the perception and the use of the various areas of the inkblot. To score and interpret this test using a data-based system, one would rely on which of the following?
(A) Exner Comprehensive System
(B) Five-Factor Model
(C) Eysenck Personality Questionnaire
(D) California Personality Inventory
(E) MMPI-2

27. You are asked to evaluate a 68-year-old man on the inpatient medicine service for increasing confusion. The patient was admitted 2 days earlier for pneumonia. After performing a mental status evaluation, you suspect delirium. The patient dropped out of school in the seventh grade. The best test to assess this patient’s ability to maintain and focus attention is which of the following?
(A) serial sevens
(B) counting by two’s to 20
(C) serial threes

(D) Random Letter Test
(E) simple calculations

A 40-year-old woman who scores a 26/30 on the Folstein MMSE gave many answers of, “I don’t know, I’m too tired to answer.” You want to assess for the possibility of depression.

(A) MMPI-2
(B) WISC
(C) Rey-Osterrieth Test
(D) Beck Depression Inventory
(E) Blessed Rating Scale
(F) WAIS-R
(G) Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination
(H) Rorschach Test
(I) Folstein MMSE
(J) Bender Gestalt Test
(K) WCST
(L) Wada Test

A 40-year-old woman who scores a 26/30 on the Folstein MMSE gave many answers of, “I don’t know, I’m too tired to answer.” You want to assess for the possibility of depression.

(A) MMPI-2
(B) WISC
(C) Rey-Osterrieth Test
(D) Beck Depression Inventory
(E) Blessed Rating Scale
(F) WAIS-R
(G) Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination
(H) Rorschach Test
(I) Folstein MMSE
(J) Bender Gestalt Test
(K) WCST
(L) Wada Test

30. The family of an 80-year-old man with mild dementia has asked you to evaluate his ability
to continue to live in his current environment. You would like to ask his family and friends their assessment of how he has been doing.

(A) MMPI-2
(B) WISC
(C) Rey-Osterrieth Test
(D) Beck Depression Inventory
(E) Blessed Rating Scale
(F) WAIS-R
(G) Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination
(H) Rorschach Test
(I) Folstein MMSE
(J) Bender Gestalt Test
(K) WCST
(L) Wada Test

31. A 16-year-old boy with a family history of mental retardation presents with long-standing
poor school performance and aggressive behavior toward peers.

(A) MMPI-2
(B) WISC
(C) Rey-Osterrieth Test
(D) Beck Depression Inventory
(E) Blessed Rating Scale
(F) WAIS-R
(G) Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination
(H) Rorschach Test
(I) Folstein MMSE
(J) Bender Gestalt Test
(K) WCST
(L) Wada Test

32. A 37-year-old man has a history of avoiding social situations, no close friends, and a preference for being alone. He has been described by others as unemotional and detached. You
would like to evaluate this patient with a projective test.

(A) MMPI-2
(B) WISC
(C) Rey-Osterrieth Test
(D) Beck Depression Inventory
(E) Blessed Rating Scale
(F) WAIS-R
(G) Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination
(H) Rorschach Test
(I) Folstein MMSE
(J) Bender Gestalt Test
(K) WCST
(L) Wada Test

33. You would like to quickly assess for dementia in a 75-year-old woman admitted to the emergency department for failure to thrive.

(A) MMPI-2
(B) WISC
(C) Rey-Osterrieth Test
(D) Beck Depression Inventory
(E) Blessed Rating Scale
(F) WAIS-R
(G) Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination
(H) Rorschach Test
(I) Folstein MMSE
(J) Bender Gestalt Test
(K) WCST
(L) Wada Test

34. A 45-year-old woman has a long history of unstable relationships, self-injurious behavior, and affective instability. She does not meet criteria for an Axis I disorder.

(A) MMPI-2
(B) WISC
(C) Rey-Osterrieth Test
(D) Beck Depression Inventory
(E) Blessed Rating Scale
(F) WAIS-R
(G) Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination
(H) Rorschach Test
(I) Folstein MMSE
(J) Bender Gestalt Test
(K) WCST

(L) Wada Test

35. You are asked to preoperatively evaluate hemispheric dominance in an 18-year-old lefthanded woman with a history of seizure disorder who is about to undergo surgery to remove a seizure focus in the left hemisphere

(A) MMPI-2
(B) WISC
(C) Rey-Osterrieth Test
(D) Beck Depression Inventory
(E) Blessed Rating Scale
(F) WAIS-R
(G) Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination
(H) Rorschach Test
(I) Folstein MMSE
(J) Bender Gestalt Test
(K) WCST
(L) Wada Test

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