Home Medical QuizzesAnatomy Quizzes [Anatomy] The Thorax quizzes – Part 1 (20 questions)

[Anatomy] The Thorax quizzes – Part 1 (20 questions)

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The Thorax 1

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The articular part of a rib tubercle articulates with which of the following structures?

Correct! Wrong!

The tubercle has a smooth articular part for articulating with the corresponding transverse process of the vertebra and a rough nonarticular part for attachment of the costotransverse ligament

Where is the groove for the subclavian artery located?

Correct! Wrong!

The surface of the 1st rib has two transversely directed shallow grooves, anterior and posterior to the scalene tubercle, for the subclavian vein and the subclavian artery respectively

The retromammary space is located between which of the following structures?

Correct! Wrong!

Between the breast and deep pectoral fascia is a loose connective tissue plane or potential space known as the retromammary space

The high death rate associated with breast cancer is related to which of the following?

Correct! Wrong!

Because the axillary lymph nodes are the most common site of metastases from a breast cancer, enlargement of the palpable nodes in a woman suggests the possibility of breast cancer and may be key to early detection. However, the absence of enlarged axillary nodes is no guarantee that metastasis from a breast cancer has not occurred, because the malignant cells may have passed to other nodes, such as the infraclavicular and supraclavicular lymph nodes

Which of the following statements correctly apply to the internal thoracic artery?

Correct! Wrong!

After descending past the 2nd costal cartilage, the internal thoracic artery runs anterior to the transversus thoracis muscle. It ends in the 6th intercostal space, where it divides into the superior epigastric and musculophrenic arteries

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Which of the following statements concerning the sternal angle is correct?

Correct! Wrong!

The sternal angle is located opposite the 2nd pair of costal cartilages at the level of the 4thintervertebral disc between T4 and T5 vertebrae

The pleural cavity contains which of the following?

Correct! Wrong!

The pleural cavity, the potential space between the layers of pleura, contains a capillary layer of serous pleural fluid. It provides the lubrication and cohesion that keep the lung surface in contact with the thoracic wall

The parietal pleura consists of all of the following parts EXCEPT

Correct! Wrong!

The parietal pleura includes costal, mediastinal, diaphragmatic, and cervical parts

All of the following statements correctly apply to the right lung EXCEPT

Correct! Wrong!

The right lung has three lobes, the left two. The right lung is larger and heavier than the left, but it is shorter and wider, because the right dome of the diaphragm is higher and the heart and pericardium bulge more to the left. The anterior margin of the right lung is relatively straight, whereas the margin of the left lung has a deep cardiac notch. The cardiac notch primarily indents the anteroinferior aspect of the superior lobe of the left lung. This often creates a thin, tongue-like process of the superior lobe, called the lingula

All of the following statements correctly apply to the left main bronchus EXCEPT

Correct! Wrong!

The right main bronchus is wider and shorter, running more vertically than the left main bronchus as it passes directly to the hilum of the lung. The left main bronchus passes inferolaterally, inferior to the arch of the aorta and anterior to the esophThe right main bronchus is wider and shorter, running more vertically than the left main bronchus as it passes directly to the hilum of the lung. The left main bronchus passes inferolaterally, inferior to the arch of the aorta and anterior to the esophagus and thoracic aorta, to reach the hilum of the lung agus and thoracic aorta, to reach the hilum of the lung

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All of the following statements correctly apply to a bronchopulmonary segment EXCEPT

Correct! Wrong!

A bronchopulmonary segment is a pyramidshaped segment of the lung with its apex facing the lung root and its base at the pleural surface. It is the largest subdivision of a lobe and is sepa- rated from adjacent segments by connective tissue. It is surgically resectable

Which of the following structures is located in the middle mediastinum?

Correct! Wrong!

The middle mediastinum contains the heart

All of the following statements correctly apply to the right atrium EXCEPT

Correct! Wrong!

The right border of the heart is formed by the right atrium; it receives venous blood from the SVC, IVC, and coronary sinus. It contains both the crista terminalis and the limbus fossae ovalis. The interior of the ventricles contains irregular muscular elevations called trabeculae carneae

The interventricular septum contains which of the following structures?

Correct! Wrong!

The interventricular septum is composed of membranous and muscular parts. The conus arteriosus leads into the pulmonary trunk. A thick muscular ridge, the supraventricular crest, separates the ridged muscular wall of the inflow part of the right ventricle from the smooth wall of the conus arteriosus or outflow part

All of the following statements correctly apply to the right coronary artery EXCEPT

Correct! Wrong!

Typically, the right coronary artery supplies the right atrium, most of the right ventricle, part of the left ventricle, part of the AV septum, and the SA node in approximately 60% of people and the AV node in approximately 80% of people

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Which of the following is the basic structural unit for gas exchange in the lung?

Correct! Wrong!

The alveolus is the basic unit of gas exchange in the lung

Which of the following structures carry highly oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart?

Correct! Wrong!

The pulmonary veins, two on each side, carry well-oxygenated (“arterial”) blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart

Which of the following structures is located in the posterior mediastinum?

Correct! Wrong!

The posterior mediastinum contains the thoracic aorta, thoracic duct, azygos and hemiazygos veins, esophagus, and thoracic sympathetic trunks

All of the following statements concerning spinal nerves are correct EXCEPT

Correct! Wrong!

The dorsal and ventral rami are both motor and sensory. The cutaneous branches include anterior, lateral, and posterior branches. The dorsal root is sensory and the ventral root is motor. The spinal nerves supply a band-like skin area known as a dermatome

Which of the following statements correctly applies to the tricuspid valve?

Correct! Wrong!

The tricuspid valve guards the right AV orifice. The bases of the valve cusps are attached to the fibrous ring around the orifice. Chordae tendineae attach to the free edges and ventricular surfaces of the anterior, posterior, and septal cusps

[Anatomy] The Thorax quizzes – Part 1 (20 questions)
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1. The articular part of a rib tubercle articulates with which of the following structures?
(A) body of the vertebra
(B) costal cartilage
(C) adjacent rib
(D) sternum
(E) transverse process
2. Where is the groove for the subclavian artery located?
(A) posterior to the scalene tubercle
(B) on the clavicle
(C) on the manubrium
(D) at the sternal angle
(E) at the angle of the 1st rib
3. The retromammary space is located between which of the following structures?
(A) skin and the areola
(B) pectoralis major and minor
(C) breast and deep pectoral fascia
(D) suspensory ligament and the skin
(E) lactiferous sinus and the nipple
4. The high death rate associated with breast cancer is related to which of the following?
(A) nerve supply
(B) blood supply

(C) venous drainage
(D) poor imaging techniques
(E) complex lymphatic drainage

5. Which of the following statements correctly apply to the internal thoracic artery?
(A) It runs posterior to the transversus thoracis muscle.
(B) It ends in the 6th intercostal space.
(C) It divides into the superior and inferior epigastric arteries.
(D) It runs posterior to the superior six ribs.
(E) It gives rise to the posterior intercostal arteries.
6. Which of the following statements concerning the sternal angle is correct?
(A) It lies at the level of the intervertebral disk between T4/T5.
(B) It is flanked by the costal cartilage of the 3rd pair of costal cartilages.
(C) It is crossed by the superior epigastric artery.
(D) It lies in the epigastric fossa.
(E) It is located 3 mm superior to the jugular notch.
7. The pleural cavity contains which of the following?
(A) lungs
(B) bronchi
(C) serous pleural fluid
(D) lymph nodes
(E) pulmonary arteries and veins
8. The parietal pleura consists of all of the following parts EXCEPT
(A) costal
(B) pericardial
(C) mediastinal
(D) diaphragmatic
(E) cervical
9. All of the following statements correctly apply to the right lung EXCEPT
(A) The superior and oblique fissures divide it into three lobes.
(B) It is larger and heavier than the left lung.
(C) It is shorter and wider than the left lung.
(D) It contains a thin, tonguelike process called the lingula.
(E) It has three surfaces.
10. All of the following statements correctly apply to the left main bronchus EXCEPT
(A) It is wider, shorter, and runs more vertically than the right main bronchus.
(B) It passes anterior to the esophagus.
(C) It passes anterior to the thoracic aorta.
(D) It contains c-shaped rings of hyaline cartilage.
(E) It arises at the level of the sternal angle.
11. All of the following statements correctly apply to a bronchopulmonary segment EXCEPT
(A) It is separated from adjacent segments by connective tissue septa.
(B) It is the largest subdivision of a lobe.
(C) It is not resectable.
(D) It is named according to the segmental bronchus supplying it.
(E) It is a pyramid-shaped segment of the lung, with its apex facing the lung root and its base at the pleural surface.
12. Which of the following structures is located in the middle mediastinum?
(A) thoracic duct
(B) lungs
(C) esophagus

(D) heart
(E) azygos vein

13. All of the following statements correctly apply to the right atrium EXCEPT
(A) It receives blood from the superior and inferior vena cava and coronary sinus.
(B) It forms the right side of the heart.
(C) It contains the crista terminalis.
(D) It contains the limbus fossae ovalis.
(E) It contains trabeculae carneae.
14. The interventricular septum contains which of the following structures?
(A) anterior papillary muscle
(B) fossa ovalis
(C) sinus venarum
(D) sinoatrial node
(E) conus arteriosus
15. All of the following statements correctly apply to the right coronary artery EXCEPT
(A) Typically supplies the SA node in approximately 60% of people.
(B) Typically supplies the AV node in approximately 80% of people.
(C) Arises from the arch of the aorta.
(D) Runs in the coronary sulcus.
(E) Dominance is typical.
16. Which of the following is the basic structural unit for gas exchange in the lung?
(A) terminal bronchioles
(B) respiratory bronchioles
(C) alveolar ducts
(D) alveoli
(E) bronchi
17. Which of the following structures carry highly oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart?
(A) pulmonary arteries
(B) pulmonary veins
(C) coronary arteries
(D) cardiac veins
(E) ascending aorta
18. Which of the following structures is located in the posterior mediastinum?
(A) lungs
(B) heart
(C) azygos vein
(D) superior vena cava

(E) right coronary artery

19. All of the following statements concerning spinal nerves are correct EXCEPT
(A) The dorsal and ventral rami are both motor and sensory.
(B) The cutaneous branches include anterior, lateral, and posterior branches.
(C) The dorsal root is both sensory and motor.
(D) The ventral root is pure motor.
(E) They supply a bandlike skin area known as a dermatome.
20. Which of the following statements correctly applies to the tricuspid valve?
(A) It guards the left atrioventricular orifice.
(B) It guards the conus arteriosus.
(C) It is also known as the mitral valve.
(D) Chordae tendineae attach to the free edges of the cusps.
(E) The apex of each cusp attaches to the fibrous ring around the orifice.

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