The quizzes about Serous Fluid (24 tests)

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The quizzes about Serous Fluid (24 tests)
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Select the one best response to each question!

The primary purpose of serous fluid is:

1. The primary purpose of serous fluid is:
A. Removal of waste products
B. Lowering of capillary pressure
C. Lubrication of serous membranes
D. Nourishing serous membranes
2. The membrane that lines the wall of a cavity is the:
A. Visceral
B. Peritoneal
C. Pleural
D. Parietal
3. During normal production of serous fluid, the slight excess of fluid is:
A. Absorbed by the lymphatic system
B. Absorbed through the visceral capillaries
C. Stored in the mesothelial cells
D. Metabolized by the mesothelial cells
4. Production of serous fluid is controlled by:
A. Capillary oncotic pressure
B. Capillary hydrostatic pressure
C. Capillary permeability
D. All of the above
5. An increase in the amount of serous fluid is called a/an:
A. Exudate
B. Transudate
C. Effusion
D. Malignancy
6. Pleural fluid is collected by:
A. Pleurocentesis
B. Paracentesis
C. Pericentesis
D. Thoracentesis
7. Place the appropriate letter in front of the following statements describing transudates and exudates.
A. Transudate
B. Exudate
____Caused by increased capillary permeability
____Caused by increased hydrostatic pressure
____Caused by decreased oncotic pressure
____Caused by congestive heart failure
____Malignancy related
____Tuberculosis related
____Nephrotic syndrome related
____Cloudy appearance
8. Fluid-to–serum protein and lactic dehydrogenase ratios are performed on serous fluids:
A. When malignancy is suspected
B. To classify transudates and exudates
C. To determine the type of serous fluid
D. When a traumatic tap has occurred
9. Which of the following requires the most additional testing?
A. Transudate
B. Exudate
10. An additional test performed on pleural fluid to classify the fluid as a transudate or exudate is the:
A. WBC count
B. RBC count
C. Fluid-to-cholesterol ratio
D. Fluid-to–serum protein gradient
11. A milky-appearing pleural fluid is indicative of:
A. Thoracic duct leakage
B. Chronic inflammation
C. Microbial infection
D. Both A and B
12. Which of the following best represents a hemothorax?
A. Blood HCT: 42 Fluid HCT: 15
B. Blood HCT: 42 Fluid HCT: 10
C. Blood HCT: 30 Fluid HCT: 10
D. Blood HCT: 30 Fluid HCT: 20
13. All of the following are normal cells seen in pleural fluid except:
A. Mesothelial cells
B. Neutrophils
C. Lymphocytes
D. Mesothelioma cells
14. A differential observation of pleural fluid associated with tuberculosis is:
A. Increased neutrophils
B. Decreased lymphocytes
C. Decreased mesothelial cells
D. Increased mesothelial cells
15. All of the following are characteristics of malignant cells except:
A. Cytoplasmic molding
B. Absence of nucleoli
C. Mucin-containing vacuoles
D. Increased N:C ratio
16. A pleural fluid pH of 6.0 is indicative of:
A. Esophageal rupture
B. Mesothelioma
C. Malignancy
D. Rheumatoid effusion
17. A mesothelioma cell seen in pleural fluid indicates:
A. Bacterial endocarditis
B. Primary malignancy
C. Metastatic lung malignancy
D. Tuberculosis infection
18. Another name for a peritoneal effusion is:
A. Peritonitis
B. Lavage
C. Ascites
D. Cirrhosis
19. The test performed on peritoneal lavage fluid is:
A. WBC count
B. RBC count
C. Absolute neutrophil count
D. Amylase
20. The recommended test for determining if peritoneal fluid is a transudate or an exudate is the:
A. Fluid-to–serum albumin ratio
B. Serum ascites albumin gradient
C. Fluid-to–serum lactic dehydrogenase ratio
D. Absolute neutrophil count
21. Given the following results, classify this peritoneal fluid: serum albumin, 2.2 g/dL; serum protein, 6.0 g/dL; fluid albumin, 1.6 g/dL.
A. Transudate
B. Exudate
22. Differentiation between bacterial peritonitis and cirrhosis is done by performing a/an:
A. WBC count
B. Differential
C. Absolute neutrophil count
D. Absolute lymphocyte count
23. Detection of the CA 125 tumor marker in peritoneal fluid is indicative of:
A. Colon cancer
B. Ovarian cancer
C. Gastric malignancy
D. Prostate cancer
24. Chemical tests primarily performed on peritoneal fluid include all of the following except:
A. Lactose dehydrogenase
B. Glucose
C. Alkaline phosphatase
D. Amylase
25. Cultures of peritoneal fluid are incubated:
A. Aerobically
B. Anaerobically
C. At 37C and 42C
D. Both A and B

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