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Which of the following structures separates the bladder from the pubic bones in females?
When empty, the adult male or female urinary bladder is in the lesser pelvis, lying posterior and slightly superior to the pubic bones. It is separated from these bones by the potential retropubic space and lies inferior to the peritoneum, where it rests on the pelvic floor
The mesosalpinx forms the mesentery for which of the following structures?
The part of the broad ligament forming the mesentery of the uterine tube is the mesosalpinx
Which of the following structures provides support for the ampulla of the rectum?
The dilated terminal part of the rectum, lying directly above and supported by the pelvic diaphragm (levator ani) and anococcygeal ligament is the ampulla of the rectum
In males the rectum is related anteriorly to all of the following structures EXCEPT
In males the rectum is related anteriorly to the fundus of the urinary bladder, terminal parts of the ureters, ductus deferens, seminal vesicles, and prostate
Distally the corpus spongiosum expands to form which of the following structures?
Distally the corpus spongiosum expands to form the conical glans penis
The membranous part of the male urethra is located in which of the following structures?
The intermediate part of the urethra (membranous part) is the section passing through the external urethral sphincter and the perineal membrane. The short intermediate part, extending from the prostatic urethra to the spongy urethra, is the narrowest and least distensible part of the urethra
The lesser vestibular glands open into which of the following structures?
The slender ducts of the greater vestibular glands pass deep to the bulbs of the vestibule and open into the vestibule on each side of the vaginal orifice. The lesser vestibular glands are small glands on each side of the vestibule that open into it between the urethral and vaginal orifices
The ovarian arteries arise from which of the following arteries?
The ovarian arteries arise from the abdominal aorta
The inferior ends of the seminal vesicles are closely related to the rectum and are separated from it only by which of the following structures?
The inferior ends of the seminal vesicles are closely related to the rectum and are separated from it only by the rectovesical septum, a membranous partition
All of the following muscles compress the vagina and act like sphincters EXCEPT
The pubovaginalis, external urethral sphincter, urethrovaginal sphincter, and bulbospongiosus compress the vagina and act like sphincters
The superior gluteal artery leaves the pelvis through which of the following openings?
The superior gluteal artery leaves the pelvis through the superior part of the greater sciatic foramen, superior to the piriformis muscle, to supply the gluteal muscles in the buttocks
Which of the following structures is incised during median episiotomy for childbirth?
The perineal body is the major structure incised during median episiotomy for childbirth
Which of the following arteries is a direct continuation of the inferior mesenteric artery?
The superior rectal artery is the direct continuation of the inferior mesenteric artery. The superior rectal artery anastomoses with branches of the middle rectal artery (a branch of the internal iliac artery) and with the inferior rectal artery (a branch of the internal pudendal artery)
Which of the following structures may be referred to as the fourchette?
In young women, especially virgins, the labia minora are connected by a small fold known as the frenulum of the labia minora or the fourchette
The median umbilical ligament contains which of the following structures?
The median umbilical ligament is formed by the remnant of the urachus
The neck of the bladder in females is held firmly by which of the following structures?
The bladder is relatively free within the extraperitoneal subcutaneous fatty tissue except for its neck, which is held firmly by the puboprostatic ligaments in males and the pubovesical ligaments in females
Which of the following structures is the largest accessory gland of the male reproductive system?
The prostate is the largest accessory gland of the male reproductive system
The term vulva is synonymous with which of the following structures?
The synonymous terms vulva and pudendum include the clitoris, vestibule of the vagina, bulbs of vestibule, and greater vestibular gland
Helicine arteries are located in which of the following structures?
The deep arteries of the penis are the main vessels supplying the cavernous spaces in the erectile tissue of the corpora cavernosa and are therefore involved in the erection of the penis. They give off numerous branches that open directly into the cavernous spaces. When the penis is flaccid, these arteries are coiled and therefore are called helicine arteries
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