The quizzes about Semen (33 tests)

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The quizzes about Semen (33 tests)
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Select the one best response to each question!

Maturation of spermatozoa takes place in the:

Enzymes for the coagulation and liquefaction of semen are produced by the:

The major component of seminal fluid is:

If the first portion of a semen specimen is not collected, the semen analysis will have an abnormal:

Failure of laboratory personnel to document the time a semen sample is collected primarily affects the interpretation of semen:

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Liquefaction of a semen specimen should take place within:

A semen specimen delivered to the laboratory in a condom has a normal sperm count and markedly decreased sperm motility. This is indicative of:

An increased semen pH may be caused by:

Proteolytic enzymes may be added to semen specimens to:

The normal sperm concentration is:

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Given the following information, calculate the sperm concentration: dilution, 1:20; sperm counted in five RBC squares on each side of the hemocytometer, 80 and 86; volume, 3 mL.

Using the above information, calculate the sperm concentration when 80 sperm are counted in 1 WBC square and 86 sperm are counted in another WBC square.

The primary reason to dilute a semen specimen before performing a sperm concentration is to:

When performing a sperm concentration, 60 sperm are counted in the RBC squares on one side of the hemocytometer and 90 sperm are counted in the RBC squares on the other side. The specimen is diluted 1:20. The:

Sperm motility evaluations are performed:

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Sperm motility is evaluated on the basis of:

The percentage of sperm showing average motility that is considered normal is:

All of the following are grading criteria for sperm motility except:

The purpose of the acrosomal cap is:

The sperm part containing a mitochondrial sheath is the:

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All of the following are associated with sperm motility except the:

The morphologic shape of a normal sperm head is:

Normal sperm morphology when using the WHO criteria is:

Additional parameters measured by Kruger strict morphology include all of the following except:

Round cells that are of concern and may be included in sperm counts and morphology analysis are:

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If 5 round cells per 100 sperm are counted in a sperm morphology smear and the sperm concentation is 30 million, the concentraton of round cells is:

Following an abnormal sperm motility test with a normal sperm count, what additional test might be ordered?

Follow-up testing for a low sperm concentration would include testing for:

The immunobead test for antisperm antibodies:

Measurement of -glucosidase is performed to detect a disorder of the:

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A specimen delivered to the laboratory with a request for prostatic acid phosphatase and glycoprotein p30 was collected to determine:

Following a negative postvasectomy wet preparation, the specimen should be:

Standardization of procedures and reference values for semen analysis is primarily provided by the:

 

1. The functions of synovial fluid include all of the following except:
A. Lubrication for the joints
B. Removal of cartilage debris
C. Cushioning joints during jogging
D. Providing nutrients for cartilage
2. The primary function of synoviocytes is to:
A. Provide nutrients for the joints
B. Secrete hyaluronic acid
C. Regulate glucose filtration
D. Prevent crystal formation
3. Which of the following is not a frequently performed test on synovial fluid?
A. Uric acid
B. WBC count
C. Crystal examination
D. Gram stain
4. The procedure for collection of synovial fluid is called:
A. Synovialcentesis
B. Arthrocentesis
C. Joint puncture
D. Arteriocentesis
5. Match the following disorders with their appropriate group:
A. Noninflammatory
B. Inflammatory
C. Septic
D. Hemorrhagic
____Gout
____N. gonorrhoeae infection
____Lupus erythematosus
____Osteoarthritis
____Hemophilia
____Rheumatoid arthritis
____Heparin overdose
6. Normal synovial fluid resembles:
A. Egg white
B. Normal serum
C. Dilute urine
D. Lipemic serum
7. Powdered anticoagulants should not be used in tubes for synovial fluid testing because it interferes with:
A. Cell counts
B. Glucose tests
C. Crystal examination
D. Differentials
8. Addition of a cloudy, yellow synovial fluid to acetic acid produces a/an:
A. Yellow-white precipitate
B. Easily dispersed clot
C. Solid clot
D. Opalescent appearance
9. To determine if a fluid is synovial fluid, it should be mixed with:
A. Sodium hydroxide
B. Hypotonic saline
C. Hyaluronidase
D. Acetic acid
10. The highest WBC count can be expected to be seen with:
A. Noninflammatory arthritis
B. Inflammatory arthritis
C. Septic arthritis
D. Hemorrhagic arthritis
11. When diluting a synovial fluid WBC count, all of the following are acceptable except:
A. Acetic acid
B. Isotonic saline
C. Hypotonic saline
D. Saline with saponin
12. The lowest percentage of neutophils would be seen in:
A. Noninflammatory arthritis
B. Inflammatory arthritis
C. Septic arthritis
D. Hemorrhagic arthritis
13. All of the following are abnormal when seen in synovial fluid except:
A. RA cells
B. Reiter cells
C. Synovial lining cells
D. Lipid droplets
14. Synovial fluid crystals that occur as a result of purine metabolism or chemotherapy for leukemia are:
A. Monosodium urate
B. Cholesterol
C. Calcium pyrophosphate
D. Apatite
15. Synovial fluid crystals associated with inflammation in dialysis patients are:
A. Calcium pyrophosphate
B. Calcium oxalate
C. Corticosteroid
D. Monosodium urate
16. Crystals associated with pseudogout are:
A. Monosodium urate
B. Calcium pyrophosphate
C. Apatite
D. Corticosteroid
17. Synovial fluid for crystal examination should be examined as a/an:
A. Wet preparation
B. Wright stain
C. Gram stain
D. Acid-fast stain
18. Crystals that have the ability to polarize light are:
A. Corticosteroid
B. Monosodium urate
C. Calcium oxalate
D. All of the above
19. In an examination of synovial fluid under compensated polarized light, rhombic-shaped crystals are observed. What color would these crystals be when aligned parallel to the slow vibration?
A. White
B. Yellow
C. Blue
D. Red
20. If crystals shaped like needles are aligned perpendicular to the slow vibration of compensated polarized light, what color are they?
A. White
B. Yellow
C. Blue
D. Red
21. Negative birefringence occurs under compensated polarized light when:
A. Slow light is impeded more than fast light
B. Slow light is less impeded than fast light
C. Fast light runs against the molecular grain of the crystal
D. Both B and C
22. Synovial fluid cultures are often plated on chocolate agar to detect the presence of:
A. Neisseria gonorrhoeae
B. Staphylococcus agalactiae
C. Streptococcus viridans
D. Enterococcus faecalis
23. The most frequently performed chemical test on synovial fluid is:
A. Total protein
B. Uric acid
C. Calcium
D. Glucose
24. Serologic tests on patients’ serum may be performed to detect antibodies causing arthritis for all of the following disorders except:
A. Pseudogout
B. Rheumatoid arthritis
C. Lupus erythematosus
D. Lyme arthritis
25. Serologic testing of synovial fluid for fibrinogen and C-reactive protein is performed to:
A. Determine clot formation
B. Determine the amount of inflammation
C. Detect osteoarthritis
D. Diagnose rheumatoid arthritis

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