The quizzes about Renal Disease (20 questions)

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The quizzes about Renal Disease (20 questions)
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Select the one best response to each question!

The majority of glomerular disorders are caused by:

 

1.The majority of glomerular disorders are caused by:

A. Sudden drops in blood pressure

B. Immunologic disorders

C. Exposure to toxic substances

D. Bacterial infections

2.Dysmorphic RBC casts would be a significant finding with all of the following except:

A. Goodpasture syndrome

B. Acute glomeruonephritis

C. Chronic pyelonephritis

D. Henoch-Schönlein purpura

3.Occassional episodes of macroscopic hematuria over periods of 20 or more years are seen with:

A. Crescentic glomerulonephritis

B. IgA nephropathy

C. Nephrotic syndrome

D. Wegener’s granulomatosis

4.Antiglomerular basement membrane antibody is seen with:

A. Wegener’s granulomatosis

B. IgA nephropathy

C. Goodpasture syndrome

D. Diabetic nephropathy

5.Antineutrophilic cytoplasmic antibody is diagnostic for:

A. IgA nephropathy

B. Wegener’s granulomatosis

C. Henoch-Schönlein purpura

D. Goodpasture syndrome

6.Respiratory and renal symptoms are associated with all

of the following except:

A. IgA nephropathy

B. Wegener’s granulomatosis

C. Henoch-Schönlein purpura

D. Goodpasture syndrome

7.Broad and waxy casts are most frequently seen with:

A. Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis

B. Membranous glomerulonephritis

C. Chronic glomerulonephritis

D. Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis

8.The presence of fatty casts is associated with all of the following except:

A. Nephrotic syndrome

B. Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis

C. Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus

D. Minimal change disease

9.High levels of proteinuria are early symptoms of:

A. Alport syndrome

B. Diabetic nephropathy

C. IgA nephropathy

D. Nephrotic syndrome

10.Ischemia frequently produces:

A. Acute renal tubular necrosis

B. Minimal change disorder

C. Acute renal failure

D. Both A and C

11.A disorder associated with polyuria and low specific gravity is:

A. Renal glucosuria

B. Cystitis

C. Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus

D. Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis

12.An inherited or accquired disorder producing a generalized defect in tubular reabsorption is:

A. Alport syndrome

B. Acute interstitial nephritis

C. Fanconi syndrome

D. Renal glucosuria

13.The presence of renal tubular epithelial cells and casts is an indication of:

A. Acute interstitial nephritis

B. Chronic glomerulonephritis

C. Minimal change disease

D. Acute tubular necrosis

14.Differentiation between cystitis and pyelonephritis is aided by the presence of:

A. WBC casts

B. RBC casts

C. Bacteria

D. Granular casts

15.The presence of WBCs and WBC casts with no bacteria seen is indicative of:

A. Chronic pyelonephritis

B. Acute tubular necrosis

C. Acute interstitial nephritis

D. Both B and C

16.End-stage renal disease is characterized by all of the following except:

A. Hypersthenuria

B. Isosthenuria

C. Azotemia

D. Electrolyte imbalance

17.Broad and waxy casts are most likely associated with:

A. Nephrotic syndrome

B. Chronic renal failure

C. Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis

D. Acute renal failure

18.Postrenal acute renal failure could be caused by:

A. Ischemia

B. Acute tubular necrosis

C. Acute interstitial nephritis

D. Malignant tumors

19.The most common composition of renal calculi is:

A. Calcium oxalate

B. Magnesium ammonium phosphate

C. Cystine

D. Uric acid

20.Urinalysis on a patient being evaluated for renal calculi would be most beneficial if it showed:

A. Heavy proteinuria

B. Calcium oxalate crystals

C. Macroscopic hematuria

D. Microscopic hematuria

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