Safety in the Clinical Laboratory Quizzes (25 questions)

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Safety in the Clinical Laboratory Quizzes (25 questions)
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Select the one best response to each question!

In the urinalysis laboratory the primary source in the chain of infection would be:

 

1. In the urinalysis laboratory the primary source in the chain of infection would be:
A. Patients
B. Needlesticks
C. Specimens
D. Biohazardous waste
2. The best way to break the chain of infection is:
A. Handwashing
B. Personal protective equipment
C. Aerosol prevention
D. Decontamination
3. Standard Precautions differ from Universal Precautions and body substance isolation by requiring:
A. Wearing face shields and gloves whenever blood may be encountered
B. Wearing gloves when encountering any moist body fluid
C. Washing hands after removing gloves if visual contamination is present
D. Wearing gloves when exposed to moist body fluids and washing hands after glove removal
4. An employee who is accidentally exposed to a possible blood-borne pathogen should immediately:
A. Report to a supervisor
B. Flush the area with water
C. Clean the area with disinfectant
D. Receive HIV propylaxis
5. Personnel in the urinalysis laboratory should wear lab coats that:
A. Do not have buttons
B. Are fluid-resistant
C. Have short sleeves
D. Have full-length zippers
6. All of the following should be discarded in biohazardous waste containers except:
A. Urine specimen containers
B. Towels used for decontamination
C. Disposable lab coats
D. Blood collection tubes
7. An employer who fails to provide sufficient gloves for the employees may be fined by the:
A. CDC
B. NFPA
C. OSHA
D. FDA
8. An acceptable disinfectant for blood and body fluid decontamination is:
A. Sodium hydroxide
B. Antimicrobial soap
C. Hydrogen peroxide
D. Sodium hypochlorite
9. Proper handwashing includes all of the following except:
A. Using warm water
B. Rubbing to create a lather
C. Rinsing hands in a downward position
D. Turning on the water with a paper towel
10. Centrifuging an uncapped specimen may produce a biological hazard in the form of:
A. Vectors
B. Sharps contamination
C. Aerosols
D. Specimen contamination
11. An employee who accidently spills acid on his arm should immediately:
A. Neutralize the acid with a base
B. Hold the arm under running water for 15 minutes
C. Consult the MSDSs
D. Wrap the arm in gauze and go to the emergency room
12. When combining acid and water, ensure that:
A. Acid is added to water
B. Water is added to acid
C. They are added simultaneously
D. Water is slowly added to acid
13. An employee can learn the carcinogenic potential of potassium chloride by consulting the:
A. Chemical hygiene plan
B. Material safety data sheets
C. OSHA standards
D. Urinalysis procedure manual
14. Employees should not work with radioisotopes if they are:
A. Wearing contact lenses
B. Allergic to iodine
C. Sensitive to latex
D. Pregnant
15. All of the following are safe to do when removing the source of an electric shock except:
A. Pulling the person away from the instrument
B. Turning off the circuit breaker
C. Using a glass container to move the instrument
D. Unplugging the instrument
16. The acronym PASS refers to:
A. Presence of vital chemicals
B. Operation of a fire extinguisher
C. Labeling of hazardous material
D. Presence of radioactive substances
17. The system used by firefighters when a fire occurs in the laboratory is:
A. MSDS
B. RACE
C. NFPA
D. PASS
18. A class ABC fire extinguisher contains:
A. Sand
B. Water
C. Dry chemicals
D. Acid
19. The first thing to do when a fire is discovered is to:
A. Rescue persons in danger
B. Activate the alarm system
C. Close doors to other areas
D. Extinguish the fire if possible
20. If a red rash is observed after removing gloves, the employee:
A. May be washing her hands too often
B. May have developed a latex allergy
C. Should apply cortisone cream
D. Should not rub the hands so vigorously
21. Pipetting by mouth is:
A. Acceptable for urine but not serum
B. Not acceptable without proper training
C. Acceptable for reagents but not specimens
D. Not acceptable in the laboratory
22. The NPFA classification symbol contains information on all of the following except:
A. Fire hazards
B. Biohazards
C. Reactivity
D. Health hazards
23. The classification of a fire that can be extinguished with water is:
A. Class A
B. Class B
C. Class C
D. Class D
24. Employers are required to provide free immunizaton for:
A. HIV
B. HTLV-1
C. HBV
D. HCV
25. A possible physical hazard in the hospital is:
A. Wearing closed-toed shoes
B. Not wearing jewelry
C. Having short hair
D. Running to answer the telephone

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